B. about 1628 near Lake Nipissing, New France
M. (1) 21 Nov 1643 in Quebec City, New France
Husband: Jean LeBlanc
M. (2) 22 Feb 1663 in Quebec City, New France
Husband: Elie Dussault dit Lafleur
D. 30 Sep 1689 in Quebec City, New France
In the early days of Quebec, it was not uncommon for French men to take Indian women as wives. Such was the case of the parents of Madeleine-Euphrosine Nicolet. She was born in about 1628 to Jean Nicolet and a woman of the Nipissing tribe in what is now Ontario. Her mother has been named as Elisabeth Manitoukoue in some research, but the source of this is unknown. Jean had been living in the area for about ten years, learning the ways of the natives and their language. He settled deep into Indian country, in an area around Lake Nipissing. For a time, he lived in an Amerindian village and this is when Madeleine-Euphrosine was born.
In 1629, when Englishman David Kirke took over Quebec and forced the French to return to Europe, Jean stayed in the Indian village. The French came back to power in 1632, and he brought Madeleine-Euphrosine with him to the French settlement. From then on, she lived amongst the white population, assimilating into Quebec society. It isn't known what became of her mother — whether she lived in Quebec at all, stayed with her people or died when Madeleine-Euphrosine was young. Jean married a woman from France in 1637 and had two children with her. Then he died in a boating accident in 1642.
The following year, when Madeleine-Euphrosine was still a teen, she married a French man, Jean LeBlanc. They had at least five children, but Jean died on September 11, 1662. On February 22, 1663, Madeleine-Euphrosine married a French man named Elie Dussault dit Lafleur. They settled in Quebec City, where he worked aboard the ships. Judging by the date of her marriage and the date of the birth of her son Louis (August 25, 1663), she must have been pregnant when they married. After Louis, they had three more sons together, born between 1665 and 1673.
Madeleine-Euphrosine died on September 30, 1689 at Hotel Dieu in Quebec City (a hospital). It isn't known when husband Elie died, but he was living in 1692.
Children by Jean LeBlanc:
1. Jacques LeBlanc – B. 1648; D. 1669
2. Marie-Madeleine LeBlanc – B. 15 Jul 1652, Quebec City, New France; D. 28 Dec 1708, St-Pierre, Montmorency, New France; M. Jean Pichet (1634-1699), 1666, Montmorency, New France
3. Marguerite LeBlanc – B. 1655; D. 1661
4. Noel LeBlanc – B. 1660; D. 1660
Children by Elie Dussault dit Lafleur:
1. Louis Dussault – B. 25 Aug 1663, Quebec City, New France
2. Pierre Dussault – B. 31 Jul 1665, Quebec City, New France
3. Jean-François Dussault – B. 4 Jan 1668, Quebec City, New France; D. before 24 Apr 1719, Dubreuil, New France; M. Marie-Madeleine Bourassa (1673-?), 8 Jan 1692, St-Joseph, Lévis, New France
4. Charles Dussault – B. 21 May 1673, Quebec City, New France; D. before 27 Feb 1697; M. Henrietta Balan, 16 Nov 1693, La Durantaye, New France
Jean Nicolet [wikipedia article]
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie, Cyprien Tanguay, 1871
Our Tangled French Canadian Roots, Jan Gregoire Coombs, 2009
Champlain's Dream, David Hackett Fischer, 2009