Wednesday, February 29, 2012

Erasing His Name From a Petition – Ezekiel Richardson

B. about 1602 in Westmill, England
M. 25 Feb 1630 in England
Wife: Susannah Bradford
D. 21 Oct 1647 in Woburn, Massachusetts
Emigrated: 1630

Ezekiel Richardson went against the authorities the Massachusetts Bay colony only to a degree, and changed his stance in order to avoid any trouble. He was born in Westmill, England in about 1602 to Thomas Richardson and Katherine Duxford. Ezekiel had at least two brothers. On February 25, 1630, he married Susannah Bradford. Shortly after, the couple sailed to America.

Ezekiel and Susannah settled first in Boston, then moved to Charlestown by 1632. They started a family, and between about 1632 and 1643, they had six children. He was made freeman in 1631, constable in 1633, selectman for Charlestown during 1634-35 and 1637-39, and deputy to the General Court in 1634-35. Ezekiel’s brothers Samuel and Thomas joined him in America in 1636, and the three were given lots in Malden, Massachusetts on the “mistick side above the ponds.”

Ezekiel became a follower of Anne Hutchinson and John Wheelwright, two people who ran counter to the leadership in Massachusetts. Wheelwright was judged to be guilty of sedition, and Ezekiel was one of 80 men signing a document presented to the General Court in 1637 opposing the ruling. But he presumably had second thoughts when he saw the serious nature of signing the petition. Along with many others, he got his name removed from it in order to save himself from being censured.

In 1640, Ezekiel was chosen along with four other men to settle a new town which would become Woburn, Massachusetts. Ezekiel and his brothers took up residence on one of the streets, which became known as “Richardson’s Row.” He was named selectman for the years 1644, 1645, 1646 and 1647.

Ezekiel died October 21, 1647 at the age of 45. He left a will naming all of his surviving children and his wife Susannah. The inventory of his estate was valued at £100.

Famous descendants of Ezekiel Richardson include Franklin Pierce, George W. Bush, Barbara Bush, Katharine Hepburn, former Major League Baseball Commissioner Bartlett Giamatti and actor Paul Giamatti.

1. Phebe Richardson – B. about 1632, Massachusetts; D. 13 Sep 1716, Woburn, Massachusetts; M. Henry Baldwin (~1630-1698), 1 Nov 1649, Woburn, Massachusetts

2. Theophilis Richardson – B. about 1633, Massachusetts; D. 28 Dec 1674, Woburn, Massachusetts; M. Mary Champney (1635-1704)

3. Josiah Richardson – B. about 1635, Massachusetts; D. 22 Jun 1695, Chelmsford, Massachusetts; M. Remembrance Underwood (1640-1718), 6 Jun 1659, Concord, Massachusetts

4. John Richardson – B. about 1638, Massachusetts; D. 7 Jan 1643, Woburn, Massachusetts

5. James Richardson – B. about 1641; D. 28 Jun 1677, Scarborough, Maine; M. Bridget Henchman, 28 Nov 1660, Chelmsford, Massachusetts

6. Ruth Richardson – B. 23 Aug 1643, Woburn, Massachusetts; D. 7 Sep 1643, Woburn, Massachusetts

The Richardson Memorial, John Adam Vinton, 1876
Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire, Vol. 1, Lewis Publishing Company, 1908
Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of Boston and eastern Massachusetts, Vol. 2, William Richard Cutter, 1908
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

A Child Not Her Husband's – Madeleine Dubois

B. about 1640 in La Rochelle, France
M. 19 Oct 1661 in Quebec City, New France
Husband: Michel Baugis
D. 5 Mar 1721 in Beauport, New France
Emigrated: 1661

Madeleine Dubois was born in La Rochelle, France in about 1640 to Isaac Dubois and Anne Richer. Isaac was a "master wool comber." Nothing else is known of Madeleine's family.

In 1661, Madeleine traveled on her own to New France, offering herself as a marriageable woman. Upon arrival, she seems to have gotten involved with two men. One was Michel Baugis, whom she married on October 19th. The other was Jean Royer, by whom she became pregnant. When Madeleine gave birth to her first child on February 7, 1662, Jean Royer was named as the father on the birth record even though she had married Michel Baugis. The child was a girl and she took the name of her step-father — Marie-Madeleine Baugis. Michel and Madeleine went on to have six children of their own born between 1663 and 1679.

Jean Royer went on to marry another woman, Marie Targer, who arrived in New France two years later amongst the first ships carrying the King's Daughters, women who were paid to migrate to Quebec and marry men there. He would have seven children with his wife, but died in 1675 at the age of 40.

Madeleine and Michel settled in Beauport and were listed in the 1681 census as having "30 arpents of land under cultivation." They lived a long life there. In 1711, the couple drew up a document that signed their property over to a grandson in return for having him care for them in their old age. Michel died on November 26, 1717 and Madeleine died March 5, 1721.

Children by Jean Royer:
1.  Marie-Madeleine Baugis – B. 7 Feb 1662, Beauport, New France; D. Mar 1743, Beauport, New France; M. Jacques Menard dit Deslauriers (~1638-1716), 28 Nov 1680

Children by Michel Baugis:
1. Jean Baugis – B. about Aug 1683, Quebec City, New France

2. Marguerite Baugis – B. about Jul 1666, Beauport, New France; M. Pierre Parent

3. Marie-Anne Baugis – B. about Feb 1669, Beauport, New France

4. Louise Baugis – B. about Nov 1672, Beauport, New France

5. Jeanne Baugis – B. about 1675

6. Michel Baugis – B.about 1679, Beauport, New France

Before the King's Daughters: The Filles à Marier, 1634-1662, Peter J. Gagné, 2002

Which Edward Bishop Was Witch? – Edward Bishop

B. about 1620 in England
M. before 1646 in Massachusetts
Wife: Hannah (last name unknown)
D. after 1694 in (probably) Salem, Massachusetts
Emigrated: unknown

There were three Edward Bishops living in Salem at the time of the witch trials (some researchers have speculated there was a fourth) and this Edward was the oldest of them. He was born in England in about 1620 (some have given a date as early as 1611). Nothing is known of him until he turned up in Salem, Massachusetts in 1639. He was married to a woman named Hannah (possibly her last name was Moore) and they had at least three children who were baptized in Salem between 1646 and 1651. One of these children was also named Edward.

There is evidence that the elder Edward was living in Salem at the time of the witch trials; he appears along with wife Hannah having signed a petition in defense of one of the accused, Rebecca Nurse. Another of the accused women who was tried before this date was Bridget Bishop, the wife of Edward, presumably the son. Later, an Edward Bishop identified as the son of Bridget's husband Edward, presumably the grandson of the elder Edward, was brought up on charges of witchcraft along with his wife Sarah.

Bridget Bishop became famous as the first person found guilty at the witch trials who was then executed. Edward Bishop the son was her third husband; she had married her first husband in England in 1660 and her second in the Massachusetts colony in 1666. Her second marriage involved accusations of witchcraft after her husband died, but no trial. As the wife of Edward Bishop in 1692 Salem, Bridget was again accused of witchcraft. Several town members, including a group of teenaged girls, claimed she had caused them harm with just a glance, and several people testified that she appeared as a specter in their homes. She denied the accusations, but was found guilty, and was hung from the town gallows.

Some time after this, the youngest Edward Bishop and his wife Sarah were arrested in a separate case. They ran an inn out of their home in Salem and it was known for serving "drinks to underaged patrons and allowed 'shovel'-board to be played at all hours of the night." A neighbor who complained about their behavior was found a short time later dead from an apparent suicide — a slashed throat from a pair of sewing scissors — and this was thought to be witchcraft caused by Edward and Sarah. They managed to escape jail, though, and were said to have hid until the witch trial craze was over.

It is not known when the elder Edward died; some have said 1694 and others have given dates as late as 1711. The relationship between of the Edward Bishops of Salem can never be proven completely, but the scenario of father/son/grandson seems likely from all of the circumstantial evidence.

Wikipedia article on Edward Bishop
Salem Witchcraft with an account of Salem Village and a history of opinions on Witchcraft and Kindred Subjects, Charles Wentworth Upham, 1867
A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, James Savage, 1860

Keeping the Town Records – William Carpenter

B. about 1631 in Wiltshire, England
M. (1) 5 Oct 1651 in Rehoboth, Massachusetts
Wife: Priscilla Bennett
M. (2) 10 Dec 1663 in Rehoboth, Massachusetts
Wife: Miriam Searles
D. 26 Jan 1703 in Rehoboth, Massachusetts
Emigrated: 1636 on the ship Bevis

William Carpenter was born in about 1631 to William Carpenter and Abigail Briant, somewhere near the town of Shalbourne, England, which is in Wiltshire. He was one of eight children. When William was seven years old, the family migrated to America aboard the ship Bevis. The ship's passenger list includes 4 children in the family and one servant, suggesting they weren't poor. The family settled in Weymouth, Massachusetts, then moved to Rehoboth in 1644 as a founding family of that community.

On October 5, 1651, William married Priscilla Bennett. Priscilla died on October 20, 1663 giving birth to their fourth child. William then married Miriam Searles on December 10, 1663. They had nine children born between 1664 and 1687.

William worked as a carpenter and owned a "long Cross cutt saw," but his other profession was as town clerk of Rehoboth, a service he performed for almost 35 years, from 1668 until his death. It is said he was noted for his exceptional handwriting. During his time as clerk, he was a deacon in the church, a deputy to the General Court at Plymouth, an overseer of the highways, a constable, and a magistrate. He was also appointed to settle boundary disputes, and helped to hire a schoolmaster.

William died on January 26, 1703. He left a will and his estate was valued at over £215; amongst his possessions were several books and a compass. He was buried at Newman Cemetery, which is in present-day Rhode Island.

Famous descendants of William Carpenter include Raquel Welch and Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Children by Priscilla Bennett:
1. John Carpenter – B. 19 Oct 1652, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. Woodstock, Connecticut; M. (1) Rebecca Readaway; (2) Sarah _______

2. William Carpenter – B. 20 Jun 1659, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 10 Mar 1719, Attleboro, Massachusetts; M. Elizabeth Robinson (1657-?), 8 Apr 1685

3. Priscilla Carpenter – B. 24 Jul 1661, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. after 1744, East Greenwich, Rhode Island; M. Richard Sweet

4. Benjamin Carpenter – B. 20 Oct 1663, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 18 Apr 1738, Coventry, Connecticut; M. Hannah Strong (1671-1762)

Children by Miriam Searles:
1. Josiah Carpenter – B. 18 Dec 1664, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 28 Feb 1727; M. Elizabeth Read (1668-1739)

2. Nathaniel Carpenter – B. 12 May 1667, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; M. (1) Rachel Cooper (~1671-1694), 19 Sep 1693, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; (2) Mary Preston (~1674-1706), 17 Nov 1695; (3) Mary (~1675-1712), 8 Jul 1707; (4) Mary Bacon

3. Daniel Carpenter – B. 8 Oct 1669, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; M. (1) Bethiah Bliss (?-1703), 15 Apr 1695; (2) Elizabeth Butterworth (1682-1708), 30 Mar 1704; (3) Margaret Thurston (~1687-1717), 12 Dec 1710; (4) Mary (or Margaret) Hunt (~1698-1719), 15 Oct 1718; (5) Mary

4. Noah Carpenter – B. 28 Mar 1672, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; Apr 1756; M. (1) Sarah Johnson (1677-1726); (2) Ruth Follett (?-1745); (3) Tabithy _______, 29 Nov 1745

5. Miriam Carpenter – B. 16 Oct 1674, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 21 May 1706; Jonathan Bliss (1666-?), 23 Jun 1691

6. Obidiah Carpenter – B. 12 Mar 1678, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 25 Oct 1749; M. Deliverance Preston (?-1767), 6 Nov 1703

7. Ephraim Carpenter – B. 25 Apr 1684, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 20 Apr 1743; M. (1) Hannah Read (~1682-1717), 14 Aug 1704; (2) Martha Ide, 24 Mar 1719

8. Hannah Carpenter – B. 10 Apr 1685, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; M. Jonathan Chaffee, 23 Nov 1703

9. Abigail Carpenter – B. 15 Apr 1687, Rehoboth, Massachusetts; D. 15 Jan 1781; M. Daniel Perrin (1682-?), 12 Nov 1706

Representative men and old families of southeastern Massachusetts, J.H. Beers & Co., 1912
A genealogical history of the Rehoboth branch of the Carpenter family in America, Amos Bugbee Carpenter, 1898
Wikipedia article on the Rehoboth Carpenter family 
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

A Poor Wounded Man – John French

B. 1635 in England
M. (1) 21 Jun 1659 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Wife: Abigail Coggan
M. (2) 3 Jul 1662 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Wife: Hannah Burrage
M. (3) 14 Jan 1668
Wife: Hannah Rogers
M. (4) 16 Jan 1678 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Wife: Mary (Littlefield) Kittredge
D. October 1712 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Emigrated: 1635 on the ship Defence

John French experienced the hardships of living in 17th century New England, having three wives who died young, and later becoming wounded while fighting Indians. He was born in 1635 in England to William and Elizabeth French, their third child. When he was still a small baby, the family boarded the ship Defence, landing in Boston on October 8th. The family settled in Cambridge, where John grew up. His parents had six more children there.

In 1653, the French family moved to the new town of Billerica and on June 21, 1659, John married Abigail Coggan of Barnstable. She died less than three years later at the age of 23, on April 5, 1662. He quickly married again on July 3rd of that year to Hannah Burrage of Charlestown. She bore him two daughters, but died on July 7, 1667 also at the age of 23. John married a third time on January 14, 1668 to Mary Rogers. She had a daughter in 1670 and died on June 16, 1677. Finally, on 16 Jan 1678, he married a fourth wife, Mary (Littlefield) Kittredge, who had been widowed with five young sons. John and Mary had six children together.

John served as a corporal in the militia in Billerica during King Phillip's War. On August 2, 1675, the militia met up with Indians in a swamp near Billerica called Quaboag (or Brookfield) where several settlers were killed. John was in the fight, and after shooting an Indian, he got hit by return fire, which cut off one of his thumbs and seriously wounded his body near his shoulder.

After the war, John petitioned the town for financial help, describing himself as "a poor wounded man." He was exempted from paying taxes for several years. He was also permitted to sit "at the table with Capt. John Lane and Mr. Crosby" during church services, and his wife Mary was allowed to "sit in the front gallery with Mrs. Foster and those women placed there." It was said that he was "an influential citizen of Billerica and held many town offices from time to time." John died in October of 1712 at the age of 77.

Children by Hannah Burrage:
1. Hannah French – B. 14 Dec 1664, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 9 Oct 1755, Tewksbury, Massachusetts; M. John Kittredge (1666-1714), 3 Apr 1685, Billerica, Massachusetts

2. Abigail French – B. 6 Dec 1665; D. 13 Mar 1723; M. Benjamin Parker (1662-?), 10 Nov 1697

Children by Mary Rogers:
1. Mary French – B. 4 Mar 1670; D. 21 Aug 1740, Billerica, Massachusetts; M. Nathan Shed (1669-?)

Children by Mary Littlefield:
1. John French – B. 15 May 1679, Billerica, Massachusetts; M. Ruth Richardson (1685-?), 13 Feb 1707, Billerica, Massachusetts

2. Elizabeth French – B. 24 Jul 1681, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 30 Sep 1754, Andover, Massachusetts; M. Thomas Abbott, 25 Dec 1706, Billerica, Massachusetts

3. William French – B. 26 Nov 1683, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 1685, Billerica, Massachusetts

4. Sarah French – B. 15 Sep 1685, Billerica, Massachusetts; M. Joseph Frost (1683-?)

5. Hannah French – B. 18 Feb 1693; D. 12 Dec 1769; M. (1) Jonathan Richardson (?-1720), 1713, Billerica, Massachusetts; (2) Benjamin Frost

6. William French – B. 8 Aug 1687, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 25 Feb 1746; M. Mehitable Patten (1687-1743), about 1712

"Lieutenant William French and his Descendants," John M. French, The New England historical and genealogical register, 1890
The Kittredge Family in America, Mabel T. Kittredge, 1936
Billerica, a centennial oration by the Rev. Elias Nason, July 4, 1876, 1876

A New Life and Religion in Quebec – Marthe Quitel

B. about 1638 in Rouen, France
M. 22 Sep 1665 in Château-Richer, New France
Husband: Barthélemy Verreau dit LeBourguigon
D. 25 Dec 1722 in Château-Richer, New France

Marthe Quitel was born in about 1638 to Denis Quitel and Louise Bénard in Rouen, France, in the parish of Saint-Maclou. During the 1660s, the French government was seeking to populate New France and needed females to migrate there, so they offered a deal to give young women free passage and the sum of 50 livres if they married a New France settler. The women were called King's Daughters, and in 1665, Marthe became one of 89 to sign up.

Marthe arrived in Quebec City on July 16, 1665. Because she was a Protestant, she foreswore Calvinism in a ceremony the next day. At first Marthe was placed in the home of a “bourgeois citizen” named Nicholas Marsolet. Then after only six weeks in her new home, she became engaged to Barthélemy Verreau dit LeBourguigon, a blacksmith. On September 22nd, they were married at the church in Château-Richer.

Marthe and Barthélemy lived in Château-Richer for the rest of their lives. Between 1667 and 1684, Marthe had nine children. After Barthélemy died on December 17, 1700, Marthe turned to her son François to take care of her in return for all of her husband’s land. She lived on until Christmas Day of 1722. After her death, her son had “25 Masses celebrated for the repose of her soul.”

1. Antoine Verreau – B.13 Jan 1667, Château-Richer, New France; D. young

2. Jeanne Verreau – B. 15 Nov 1668, Château-Richer, New France; D. 22 Oct 1711, Quebec City, New France; M. (1) Pierre Cloutier (?-~1702), 16 Feb 1696, Château-Richer, New France; (2) Jacques-Baptiste Cauchon (1663-1726), 16 Apr 1703, Château-Richer, New France

3. Joseph Verreau – B. 27 Jan 1671, Château-Richer, New France; D. 28 Feb 1671, Château-Richer, New France

4. Marie Verreau – B. 18 Mar 1672, Château-Richer, New France; D. 25 Feb 1703, Château-Richer, New France; M. Pierre Dumas dit Langoumois (~1668-?), 16 Feb 1699, Château-Richer, New France

5. Marguerite Verreau – B. 26 Apr 1674, Château-Richer, New France; D. before 1748; M. Jacques Boutillet (1668-1749), 12 Jan 1699, Château-Richer, New France

6. Prisque Verreau – B. Sep 1676, Château-Richer, New France; D. before 1681

7. Barthélemy Verreau – B. 13 Jul 1678, Château-Richer, New France; D. Jun 1718, New France; M. Marguerite Prieur, 13 Feb 1708, Château-Saint-Louis, New France

8. François Verreau – B. 20 Mar 1682, Château-Richer, New France; M. Genevieve Gagné, 20 Jan 1724, Château-Richer, New France

9. Anne Verreau – B. 10 Jul 1684, Château-Richer, New France

King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001

Married her Father's Farmhand – Mary Edith Luckey

B. 18 Jun 1854 in Jersey County, Illinois
M. (1) 24 Jul 1872 in Jersey County, Illinois
Husband: James Ross
M. (2) 9 Aug 1887 in Labette County, Kansas
Husband: Albert Leonartz
D. 18 Jan 1899 in Labette County, Kansas

Mary Edith Luckey's entire heritage traces back to North Carolina. She was born in Jersey County, Illinois on June 18, 1854 to Samuel Luckey and Mary Jane Davis, the oldest of 10 children.

On July 24, 1872, Mary married her first cousin James Ross (Mary's father and James' mother were brother and sister). Between 1873 and 1882, they had five children. In 1879, the Ross family moved to Labette County, Kansas along with Mary's parents and most of her siblings. The two families bought adjoining farms near the town of Parsons. In February 1884, a big storm damaged their roof and James went up to repair it, exposing himself to the winter chill. He came down with pneumonia and died 5 days later, leaving Mary a widow with five children at age 29.

Mary managed the farm for at least a year. In 1885, she had 40 acres valued at $1,000, raising 35 acres of corn and a half acre of potatoes. On August 9, 1887, she married a man who had been a farmhand on her father's place named Albert Leonartz. The marriage took place at Mary's farm, and she was in the late stages of pregnancy, which was probably the reason for the marriage. It was said that Albert was a rough man. He was of a German background, illiterate, and strict with her children. Mary gave birth to a son, Simon, on September 9th; she had two more children with Albert born in 1890 and 1893. By 1895, the family lived on a farm of 160 acres with a cash value of $2,660. They raised corn, oats, and flax; had an apple orchard of 300 trees; several peach and cherry trees; owned six horses, one cow and one dog.

Mary died on January 18, 1899; the cause of death is unknown. The Parsons Daily Sun reported on Januray 20, “The funeral services over the remains of Mrs. Albert Leonard [sic], who died at her home near this city on Wednesday, took place from the family residence yesterday afternoon, Rev, J.T. Crawford of the Baptist church officiating.”

Children by James Ross:
1. Laura Ethol Ross – B. 24 Sep 1873, Jersey County, Illinois; D. 17 Mar 1917, Los Angeles, California; M. Howard Milton Sheridan (1871-1951), 6 Mar 1895, Oswego, Kansas

2. James Anderson Ross – B. 8 Aug 1875, Jersey County, Illinois; D. young

3. Charles Howard Ross – B. 4 Aug 1877, Jersey County, Illinois; D. 2 Dec 1918

4. Edward Auguster Ross – B. 23 Jan 1880, Labette County, Kansas; D. 4 Jan 1964; M. Ora [?] (1895-1987), about 1912

5. John L. Ross – B. 6 Aug 1882, Labette County, Kansas; D. 28 Sep 1892

Children by Albert Leonartz:
1. Simon Alexander Leonartz – B. 9 Sep 1887, Labette County, Kansas; D. 1923

2. Flora Agnes Leonartz – B. 5 May 1890, Labette County, Kansas; D. 17 Jan 1965, Wenatchee, Washington; M. (1) Robert James Malcolm (~1876-?), 26 Jul 1907, King County, Washington; (2) Jesse Lee Rader (1885-1968), 16 Apr 1919, Chelan County, Washington

3. Thomas Jefferson Leonartz – B. 19 Oct 1893, Parsons, Kansas; D. Jan 1972, Lone Jack, Missouri; M. Laura M. [?] (1898-1979), about 1917

Family bible of Mary Leonartz
Marriage certificate of James Ross and Mary E. Luckey, Jersey County, Illinois, 24 Jul 1872
1860, 1870, 1880, 1920 and 1930 U.S. Censuses, Illinois and Kansas
1885 and 1895 Kansas State Censuses, Labette County
Marriage certificate of Albert Leonartz and Mary Ross, Labette County, Kansas, 9 Aug 1887
Obituary of Mary Leonartz, Parsons Daily Sun, 20 Jan 1899
Interviews of Thomas Michael Mitchell, 1976-1977
Death certificate of Laura Ethol Sheridan, 17 Mar 1917
Kansas marriages database, 1840-1935
Death certificate of Howard M. Sheridan, Mar 1951
Social Security death index
1920, 1930 and 1940 U.S. Censuses, Washington
World War I draft card database
Transcribed tombstones of Rosebank Cemetery, Mulberry, Kansas
Washington death records index, 1940-1996

First European Mother in Canada – Françoise Langlois

B. about 1599 in France
M. before 1620 in France
Husband: Pierre Desportes
D. 20 Apr 1632 in Dieppe, France
Emigrated: before 1620

Little is known about the background of Françoise Langlois. Some have said she was born in 1599, the daughter of Guilame Langlois and Jeanne Millette in Calvados, France which is in Normandy, but this is not proven. It is known that she had an older sister Marguerite, and the two women traveled with their husbands to become among the first settlers of Quebec.

Françoise married Pierre Desportes in France before they migrated to the colony sometime between 1617 and 1620. She gave birth on July 7, 1620 to a daughter, Hélène, who was the first white infant born in what would become Canada. There are no records that Françoise had any more children. Hélène's godmother was Hélène Boulle, the wife of Quebec founder, Samuel de Champlain.

Françoise was a godmother to a child of another Quebec settler in 1627, and to another child on May 18, 1629. Two months later, the colony was invaded by Englishman David Kirke, and most of the French settlers were forcibly taken back to France by way of England. Françoise, Pierre and Hélène ended up in the town of Dieppe, which is on the coast in Normandy. Some researchers say that Pierre died in the town of Lisieux where he went looking for work. According the records of the Church of Saint-Jacques, Françoise died on April 20, 1632 in Dieppe.

Famous descendants of Françoise Langlois include Céline Dion.

1. Hélène Desportes – B. 7 Jul 1620, Quebec City, New France; D. 24 Jun 1675, Quebec City, New France; M. (1) Guillaume Hébert (~1614-1639), 1 Oct 1634, Quebec City, New France; M. (2) Noël Morin (~1609-1680 ), 9 Jan 1640, Quebec City, New France

A Point in History [website]
One-hundred French-Canadian Family Histories, Philip J. Moore, 1994
Hélène’s World: Hélène Desportes of Seventeenth Century Quebec, Susan McNelley, 2014
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Monday, February 27, 2012

Married a 13 Year-old Girl – Joachim Martin

B. about 1636 in Aytré, France
M. (1) 5 Nov 1662 in Quebec City, New France
Wife: Marie Chalifour
M. (2) 16 Jun 1669 in Quebec City, New France
Wife: Anne-Charlotte Petit
D. 30 Jun 1690 in Saint-Pierre, New France

Joachim Martin was born about 1636 in Aytré, France to Jacques Martin and Luce Chaslut. Aytré was a small community outside of La Rochelle, a place where the ships left for New France. On April 11, 1656, Joachim signed a contract to be an indentured servant . He was to receive the sum of 75 livres per year for three years. He arrived aboard the ship Le Taureau.

After his term of service was up in February 1660, Joachim bought a farm in L’Ange-Gardien on the Beaupré Coast, but cancelled his purchase the following day. He may have at this point signed another contract of servitude. There was a shortage of women in New France, and on November 5, 1662, Joachim married a 13 year-old girl named Marie Chalifour at Notre-Dame de Quebec. Her father offered to build the couple a house 18 by 16 feet and promised to feed them "until All-Saints’ Day 1663,” but Marie died within the year. In 1664, Joachim settled on the Ile d’Orleans; he was listed in 1667 as having 9 arpents of land under cultivation.

Joachim married a second wife, Anne-Charlotte Petit on June 16, 1669 in Quebec City. Betwenn 1671 and 1689, they had eight children. The family lived on Ile d’Orleans until 1680 when Joachim signed a 3-year sharecropping lease under Pierre Denis. The deal offered workable land with 6 arpents of river frontage in La Canardiére. The land had “a habitable house, barn, stable yards [and] gareden.” Joachim was required to share half of his crops with Denis.

The 1681 census shows that Joachim owned a gun and 10 head of cattle, with 15 arpents under cultivation. In 1684, he was hired by a wealthy woman in Quebec City, Anne Auber, to deliver building materials for her new house; he was paid by the boatload. By 1685, Joachim and his family returned to Ile d’Orleans, to the parish of Saint-Pierre, where his last two children were born. The house where the family of 10 lived measured 24 by 18 feet.

In 1690, Joachim spent 9 days in the hospital at Quebec City, but returned home and died on June 30, 1690 at the age of 54. His wife Anne remarried twice and outlived all of her husbands, dying on March 3, 1736 in St. Augustin, New France.

Children (all by Anne-Charlotte Petit):
1. Louis Martin – B. 12 Jun 1671, Ste-Famille, Ile d’Orleans, New France; D. May 1749, La Pocatiere, Kamouraska, New France; M. Louise-Angelique Raté (1680-1749), 12 Jan 1700, St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France

2. Marie-Anne Martin – B. 4 Apr 1673, Ste-Famille, Ile d’Orleans, New France

3. Marguerite Martin – B. 6 Jan 1675, Ste-Famille, Ile d’Orleans, New France

4. Marie-Angelique Martin – B. 4 Mar 1678, Ste-Famille, Ile d’Orleans, New France; M. (1) Pierre Chatal dit Lafleur (?-1707), 12 Jan 1696, St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France; (2) Pierre Chatigny dit Lepine (~1682-?), St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France

5. Catherine-Françoise Martin – B. May 1680, La Canadiere, New France

6. François-Lucien Martin – B. 22 Jun 1683, Quebec City, New France; M. Marie-Françoise Autin, 25 Nov 1710, Riviere Ouelle, New France

7. Jean-Baptiste Martin – B. 2 Dec 1686, St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France; M. Marie Genest, St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France

8. Marie-Charlotte Martin – B.16 Jan 1689, St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France; M. (1) Louis Vernas dit Dufresne (?-1720), 25 Feb 1710, St-Pierre, Ile d’Orleans, New France; (2) Pierre Raté (1699-?), 14 Oct 1725, Quebec City, New France

Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990

Ship Owner in Early Connecticut – John Plumb

B. 28 Jul 1594 in Great Yeldham, England
M. about 1616 in England
Wife: Dorothy (probably Wood)
D. 1 Jul 1648 in Branford, Connecticut
Emigrated: about 1634

John Plumb appears to have been a wealthy man in 17th century England, and he sold his estate to move to America. He was born July 28, 1594 in Spaynes Hall, Great Yeldham, England, which is in the northern part of Essex. His parents were Robert Plumb and Grace Crackbone and he was one of at least nine children. When he was about 22, he was said to have married Dorothy Wood, and between 1617 and 1635, they had nine children.

John and his family lived in Ridgewell Hall, a manor house that still survives today (although it was modified in the 18th and 19th centuries). He is listed on the Essex Visitation of 1634, but he sold his estate at about that time and it is said that he used the money to buy a ship that he sailed to America. He landed at Dorchester, and moved to the then remote town of Wethersfield, Connecticut, the second settlement in Connecticut after Windsor.

In his nine years living in Wethersfield, he held several offices. He was a magistrate in 1637, was named appraiser on February 9, 1637, a representative from 1641 to 1643, and a collector of customs in 1644. He has been noted as the first ship owner in Wethersfield.

John often made voyages up and down the Connecticut River trading with the Indians. It is likely that his vessel was used to carry Captain Mason and his men to Narragansett Bay during the Pequot War in 1637. The war defeated the main Indian tribe in the area and allowed for settlement of Connecticut to continue. John had a warehouse in Saybrook which was burned by the Pequots.

In 1644, John sold most of his Wethersfield property and moved to the new settlement of Branford, which was located on the coast of Connecticut. John was one of its earliest settlers; he was elected town clerk and held this office until his death.

John died on July 1, 1648 in Branford. His wife Dorothy survived him by at least 21 years.

Famous descendants of John Plumb include Franklin Delano Roosevelt, J.P. Morgan and Helen Hunt.

1. Robert Plumb – B. 30 Dec 1617, Ridgewell, England; D. 12 May 1655; M. Mary Baldwin, 9 Jan 1642

2. John Plumb – B. 27 May 1619, Ridgewell, England

3. William Plumb – B. 9 May 1621, Ridgewell, England

4. Ann Plumb – B. 16 Oct 1623, Ridgewell, England

5. Samuel Plumb – B. 4 Jan 1626, Ridgewell, England; D. 22 Jan 1713

6. Dorothea Plumb – B. 16 Jan 1627, Ridgewell, England

7. Elizabeth Plumb – B. 9 Oct 1629, Ridgewell, England

8. Deborah Plumb – B. 28 Jul 1633, Ridgewell, England

9. Dorcas Plumb – B. 12 Jan 1635, Wethersfield, Connecticut; D. 21 Apr 1725, Northampton, Massachusetts; M. John Lyman (1623-1690), 12 Jan 1654, Branford, Connecticut

American Biography: A New Cyclopedia, American Historical Company, 1919
Genealogical notes on the founding of New England: my ancestors part in the undertaking, Ernest Flagg, 1926
Families of Ancient Wethersfield, Connecticut, Henry R. Stiles, 1904
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Married His Wife's Half-Sister – Abel Kittredge

B. 14 Nov 1798 in Packersfield, New Hampshire
M. (1) 28 Jan 1824 in Nelson, New Hampshire
Wife: Sophia Lyman
M. (2) 29 Nov 1838 in Nelson, New Hampshire
Wife: Anne Marie Lyman
D. 13 Sep 1882 in Boston, Massachusetts

The son of a Revolutionary War soldier, Abel Kittredge was born on November 14, 1798 in Packersfield (later renamed Nelson), New Hampshire. His parents, Joshua Kittredge and Beulah Baker, had eight children; his father also had three daughters from an earlier marriage. Abel appeared on the records in Nelson, New Hampshire in 1822 as having joined the First Congregationalist Church. On January 28, 1824, he married Sophia Lyman, the adopted daughter of the church pastor, Reverend Gad Newell. They soon had two children, Sophia and Edward

Sophia became an invalid after the birth of their third child, Samuel Farrington. She weakened even more after giving birth to their fourth child, who died at the age of one year. She died May 2, 1838. Before her death, she had Abel promise her that he would marry her half sister, Anne. That wedding took place only a few months after Sophia's death, on November 29th. Abel and Anne had three children born between 1839 and 1849: Minot, Henry and Charles, who died young.

Book that belonged to Abel Kittredge

Abel lived on the land where his father had built a large house in the 1790s. Other family members lived on the land as well; presumably they all had their own houses. They included Abel’s brother Herbert and nephew Russell. It is known from a letter written in 1846 that Abel was constructing a house. "…the chimney is up so [the family] can use the oven, but the shed has to answer for the kitchen, parlor and sitting room." The letter also refers to how hard Abel had worked in "haying" season, and the fact that only one of his grown sons was available to help with the labor.

Sons Edward and Samuel left in 1849 for the California gold rush, and daughter Sophia married a minister from Maine the same year. By 1860, Abel lived in Boston with Anne, Henry, Minot and Sophia's child, Nancy French. He was listed with the occupation of “marketman.” In the Civil War, Minot served in the Union army and fought in the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.

In 1870, Abel lived with his wife Anne in Nelson, but she died in 1879. The 1880 census showed he was in the Boston household of Nancy French, who was now married to George Hewes. A letter referred to a particular spot he always sat in the kitchen by a window. He died of pneumonia in Boston on September 13, 1882.

Children by Sophia Lyman:
1. Sophia Newell Kittredge – B. 22 Nov 1824, Nelson, New Hampshire; D. 22 Dec 1900, Los Angeles, California; M. James Riddle French (1810-1857), 7 Aug 1849, Nelson, New Hampshire

2. Edward Lyman Kittredge – B. 14 May 1827, Nelson, New Hampshire; D. 16 May 1906, Boston, Massachusetts; M. Deborah Lewis (1822-1906), 30 Nov 1854, Boston, Massachusetts

3. Samuel Farrington Kittredge – B. 14 Mar 1830, Nelson, New Hampshire; D. 24 Nov 1907, Boston, Massachusetts; M. Marietta Prudy Fillebrown (1835-?), 24 Nov 1853

4. Charles Stone Kittredge – B. 15 Dec 1835; D. 1 Mar 1837

Children by Anne Marie Lyman:
1. Minot Melville Kittredge – B. 24 Nov 1839, Nelson, New Hampshire; D. 25 Jun 1903, Boston, Massachusetts; M. Martha E. Marsh (~1845-?), 19 Nov 1867

2. Henry Sumner Kittredge – B. 23 Nov 1843, Nelson, New Hampshire

3. Charles Wheeler Kittredge – B. Jul 1849, Nelson, New Hampshire; D. 26 Sep 1853

A History of Nelson, New Hampshire, Parke Hardy Struthers, 1968
The Kittredge Family in America, Mabel T. Kittredge, 1936
Letter from Sophia L. Kittredge to Anne Lyman, Nelson, New Hampshire, 21 Nov 1830
Letter from B.G. Newell to Sophia N. Kittredge, Nelson, New Hampshire, 17 Aug 1846
George Lyman Kittredge – Teacher and Scholar, Clyde Kenneth Hyder, 1962
Letter from Samuel Farrington Kittredge to Sophia N. French, West Newfield, Maine, 12 Sep 1893
Letter from Deborah Kittredge to Sophia N. French, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 9 Dec 1889
1860, 1870 and 1880 U.S. Censuses, Massachusetts and New Hampshire
Death certificate of Abel Kittredge, Boston, Massachusetts, 13 Sep 1882
Family bible of James Riddle and Sophia Newell French
Letters of James Riddle French (1849-1852)
Death certificate of Sophia French, 22 Nov 1900, Los Angeles, California
Massachusetts deaths, 1841-1915

A Soldier in New France – Jean Soucy dit Lavigne

B.~1640s in Abbeyville, France
M. 1670 in Ile d'Orléans, New France
Wife: Jeanne Savonnet
D. ~1678 in New France

There is no surviving record of Jean Soucy dit Lavigne that shows his birth or age. He was born in Abbeyville, France, an ancient city in the Picardy region, and his parents were Claude Soucy and Françoise de Vaime. Most likely, he was born during the 1640s. All other details of his origins are unknown.

Jean came to New France as a soldier during a push by the French to protect their North American colony. From June to September in 1665, over 1200 troops were transported across the Atlantic. This was called the Carignan Regiment and Jean was a soldier in the company of Grandfontaine. In April 1665, Jean's company was camped on the Ile de Oléron in France. He left on board the ship L' Aigle d'Or on May 13th, The crossing took an agonizing three months; the hull was eaten with worms and was said to have sprung a leak. On August 18th, the ship arrived in New France; upon the return trip to France, it was deemed no longer seaworthy.

The soldiers worked to protect the colony against the Mohawk Indians. Jean was involved in building a fort on the Richelieu River and a road connecting two outposts. In 1666, he took part in an expedition that took possession of some Mohawk land. When the Carignan Regiment returned to France at the completion of their mission, over 450 decided to stay in New France, and Jean was one of them.

By 1669, Jean left the military. On October 6, he signed a bond to marry a woman named Madeleine Marechal, but a week later, backed out when he found out she already had a husband. The following year, he married Jeanne Savonnet on the Ile d'Orléans; the exact date of their marriage is unknown. Jeanne was from Paris and had just arrived in New France as a King's Daughter (a woman recruited to populate the colony). They had four children born between 1671 and 1677.

During this time, Jean was helping to build the house of a military acquaintance, and in return was given some land of his own on Ilse-de-Grues, a narrow island in the middle of the St. Lawrence River. Here he brought his family in about 1674. It is believed that Jean died in about 1678 because Jeanne remarried the following year.

1. Anne Soucy – B. 5 Sep 1671, Ile-Aux-Oies, New France; M. (1) Jean Lebel (?-1699), 16 Aug 1689, Riviere Ouelle, New France; (2) Jacques Bois, 24 Nov 1704

2. Pierre Soucy – B. 13 Apr 1673, Notre Dame, New France; D. 7 Jan 1760, Riviere Ouelle, New France; M. Elisabeth-Ursule Fouquereau (1679-1758), 13 Jan 1699, Riviere Ouelle, New France

3. Marie-Anne Soucy – B. 15 Feb 1675, Ile-aux-Grues, New France; M. (1) Charles Pelletier (?-1713), 24 Nov 1701, Riviere Ouelle, New France; (2) Robert Gaulin, 15 Apr 1716, Ste-Famille, New France

4. Guillaume Soucy – B.  5 Apr 1677, Ile-aux-Grues, New France

Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990
King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001
Wikipedia article on the Carignan Regiment

Step-father to a Witch Trial Victim – Ralph Hill

B. in England
M. (1) in England
Wife: unknown
M. (2) 21 Dec 1638 in Plymouth, Massachusetts
Wife: Margaret Toothaker
D. 19 Apr 1663 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Emigrated: before 1638

Ralph Hill's origins in England are untraceable to any particular place. He migrated to the Plymouth colony, turning up in records there in 1638 as a yeoman. On December 21st of that year, he married Margaret Toothaker. It was a second marriage for each and they both had children from their first marriages. They would also have children together; Ralph was the father of six known children, and it's not certain which wife was the mother in some cases.

Ralph sold his land at Plymouth on September 16, 1643, and moved to Woburn, Massachusetts. There he was admitted freeman in 1647 and selectman in 1649. In 1653, Ralph and his son named Ralph were signers of a petition to Governor Billingham and the General Court of Massachusetts that resulted in the grant of land for the town of Billerica. Ralph lived out his days there. In April 1663, he gave a half acre of land to the town for a burial place. This became the South Cemetery, or Old South Burying Grounds, and many of Billerica's earliest settlers have graves there. On April 19th, Ralph died, and was the first burial in the cemetery.

About 30 years after Ralph's death, his step-son, Roger Toothaker, was a Salem witch trial victim. In 1635, Toothaker migrated to Boston as an infant with his parents. On February 5, 1638, his father died, and soon after, Ralph became his step-father and the only father he ever knew. When Toothaker came of age, he became a physician, although he appears to have had no formal medical training. In 1665, he married; he and his wife had nine children.

On May 18, 1692, three Salem girls accused Toothaker of witchcraft. Their motivation may have been that one of them was the servant to a doctor who was Toothaker's competitor. He was arrested, and his wife and one daughter accused and arrested as well. Toothaker was sent to Boston Prison and in June 1692, he died there. His body was examined by 24 different men; it was confirmed that he died of natural causes although it is believed that he was ill-treated.

Famous descendants of Ralph Hill include George W. Bush and Warren Harding.

Historic homes and places and genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, William Richard Cutter, 1908
A genealogical history of the French and allied families, Mary Elizabeth Queal Beyer, 1912
The Richardson Memorial, John Adams Vinton, 1876
Wikipedia article for Roger Toothaker
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Sunday, February 26, 2012

Raising Her Children Alone – Martha Van Tuyl

B. 20 Jun 1767 in New Jersey
M. 7 Sep 1788 in New Jersey
Husband: John Ross
D. 27 May 1853 in Somerset County, New Jersey

Martha Van Tuyl was born in New Jersey on June 20, 1767, but it is unknown who her parents were. The Van Tuyl family were Dutch immigrants to 17th century New Amsterdam, mostly settling in Staten Island. A couple of the second generation of Van Tuyl brothers were pirates around 1700, who had adventures as far away as Madagascar.

There is no evidence how Martha connects to the family; one possible father was Michael Van Tuyl, born on Staten Island in 1741 and married in 1766 to Saertie Hoeper. They were known to have been living in Somerset County, New Jersey in 1775. One of the granddaughters of Michael Van Tuyl was buried in the same cemetery as Martha.

The first place Martha appeared in the records was with her marriage to John Ross on September 7, 1788. They settled first in Piscataway, then in Boundbrook. Martha had ten children between 1790 and 1806, of which two died as infants. With all of the children still underage, John died in 1808. She was left with one third of his estate to live on with the rest divided up amongst the children when the youngest reached the age of 21.

Martha owned at least two slaves. She freed one named Joseph in 1829, and one named Susan in 1843. Slavery in New Jersey was being phased out during that time.

Martha died on May 27, 1853 at the age of 85. She was buried in Boundbrook Presbyterian Cemetery.

1. John Van Tuyl Ross – B. 3 Mar 1789, New Jersey; D. 23 May 1790, New Jersey

2. Sarah Ross – B. 12 Dec 1790, Piscataway, New Jersey; D. 19 Jan 1872, Jerseyville, Illinois; M. Jeremiah Reading Parsell, 31 May 1815, Raritan, New Jersey

3. John Ross – B. 25 Dec 1792, Boundbrook, New Jersey; D. 16 Nov 1881, Somerset County, New Jersey; M. Joanna Sebring (1792-1874), 1 Apr 1816, Somerset County, New Jersey

4. Martha Anderson Ross – B. 7 Sep 1794, New Jersey; D. 6 Nov 1838, New Jersey; M. Isaac Staats (1791-1869)

5. Esther Ross – B. 26 Sep 1796, New Jersey; D. 29 May 1864; M. David R. Runyon (1795-?), 28 Jan 1818, Somerset County, New Jersey

6. Joseph Ross – B. 5 Dec 1798, Piscataway, New Jersey; D. 29 Jun 1875, Somerset County, New Jersey; M. Phebe Talmage (1805-1881), 30 Oct 1823, Somerset County, New Jersey

7. Peter B. Ross – B. 16 Jan 1801, Boundbrook, New Jersey; D. 14 Sep 1878, New Jersey; M. Sarah B. Smith (1802-1898), 13 Nov 1828, Somerset County, New Jersey

8. James S. Ross – B. 4 Mar 1803, Boundbrook, New Jersey; D. 14 Jul 1878, Jersey County, Illinois; M. Alletta Van Arsdalen (1803-1886), 29 Mar 1826, Boundbrook, New Jersey

9. William Ross – B. 5 Dec 1804, New Jersey; D. 15 Oct 1805, New Jersey

10. William Ross – B. 26 Jul 1806, New Jersey; D. 6 May 1882; M. Elizabeth Winsor (1810-?), 13 May 1835, Somerset County, New Jersey

A Van Tuyl Chronicle, Rory L. Van Tuyl, 1996
Somerset County Historical Quarterly, 1912-1919
The Ross Family of New Jersey, Bob Ross, 1990
The will of John Ross, Middlebrook, New Jersey, 26 Feb 1808
Tombstone inscription of Martha Ross, Old Presbyterian Graveyard, Boundbrook, New Jersey
 New Jersey deaths and burials, 1720-1988
New Jersey births and christenings, 1660-1980
New Jersey county marriages, 1682-1956
Death certificate of James S. Ross, 27 Jul 1878, Jerseyville, Illinois
Death certificate of Alletta Ross, 13 May 1886, South Branch, New Jersey

Attacked by the Landlord – Marie Morin

B. about 1646 in Paris, France
M. (1) before 1665 in France
Husband: Paul Houdan
M. (2) 15 Nov 1665 in Beauport, New France
Husband: Étienne Dauphin
M. (3) 10 Aug 1694 in Beauport, New France
Husband: Pierre Chaignon
D. 9 Feb 1729 in Quebec City, New France

Marie Morin was born in Paris in about 1646 to François Morin and Charlotte Roulant. While still a teen, Marie married a man named Paul Houdan, who soon left her widowed. In 1665 at age 19, Marie signed up to migrate to New France as a King's Daughter, an arrangement by the government to help bring more women to the colony. With this deal, Marie's passage was paid for, and if she married a Quebec man, she would receive 50 livres as a dowry.

Marie found a husband soon after landing. On November 15, 1665 she married Étienne Dauphin in Beauport. Neither of them could sign their names. Étienne was likely a soldier in the Carignan Regiment, the French military force that had been sent over to secure Quebec. Marie and Étienne settled at Beauport and had eight children born between 1666 and 1682.

In 1688, Marie "got into a dispute" with their landlord, Jean de Rainville. There was some physical violence inflicted on Marie by the man and she was beaten badly enough that she had to go to Quebec City for treatment, staying with Abel Sagot dit LaForge. The dispute likely involved the lease agreement between Étienne and Rainville, which had been set up by Rainville's father. The matter was settled out of court with Rainville paying Étienne 135 livres for "the land he had already sown," and also footing the bill for Marie's medical expenses from the beating.

Étienne died after a short illness at Hotel-Dieu in Quebec on August 31, 1693. Marie married a third husband, Pierre Chaignon on August 10, 1694; they had no children and he died November 19, 1708. Marie lived to the advanced age of 83 and died on February 9, 1729 at Hospital General de Quebec. She was buried the following day.

Children (all by Étienne Dauphin):

1. René Dauphin – B. about Oct 1666, Beauport, New France

2. Marie Dauphin – B. about Feb 1668, Beauport, New France

3. Étienne Dauphin – B. about Jan 1670, Beauport, New France

4. Michel Dauphin – B. about Dec 1671, Beauport, New France

5. Marie Dauphin – B. about Oct 1673, Beauport, New France; D. about 1686; M. Jean Giroux (~1664-?), 8 Feb 1685, New France

6. Marie-Therese Dauphin – B. 8 Sep 1674, Beauport, New France; D. May 1732; M. Toussaint Giroux (1672-1750), 15 Nov 1690, Beauport, New France

7. Jean Dauphin – B. about 1678, Beauport, New France

8. Marie-Catherine Dauphin – B. Dec 1682, Beauport, New France; D. Dec 1682, Beauport, New France

King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001
Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990

Adopting a New Name – Jan Teunise Van Middleswart

B. about 1654 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland
M. 16 Nov 1679 in New York
Wife: Catlyntje Tunisen Bogaert
D. after 1742

Jan Teunise (or Tunisen) was born in about 1654 and baptized in New Amsterdam on April 12th of that year. His parents were Teunis Nyssen and Phoebe Sayles and he was one of nine children. In the Dutch naming tradition, Jan's surname was Teunise meaning "son of Teunis."

On November 16, 1679, Jan married Catlyntje Tunisen Bogaert. Between 1680 and 1699, they would have at least four children. They lived in Wallabout (now a part of Brooklyn) in 1687, and Jan was recorded as taking the oath of allegience that year.

Jan and his family moved to Raritan, New Jersey, becoming among the first Dutch settlers there. One source says the family lived there as early as 1683, but since Jan was listed in Brooklyn in 1687, they likely moved a little later. He was installed as First Elder of the First Church of Raritan on September 19, 1699. And in 1704 and 1710, he was a member of the assembly in New Jersey. His name was after 1710 was Van Middleswart, which meant “of Middlebout,” a variation of Wallabout, where he had lived in Brooklyn. He went by the name Van Middleswart, but his brother Cornelius kept Tunison as his name.

Jan acquired a house and lot at the Brooklyn ferry in 1723. He made out his will with his grandson Abraham Dumont named as executor. His date of death is unknown.

Famous descendants of Jan Teunise Van Middleswart include Humphrey Bogart.

1. Femmetje Teunise Van Middleswart – B. about 1680, Kings County, New York; D. 25 Aug 1706, Somerset County, New Jersey; M. Peter Dumont (1679-1744), 25 Dec 1700

2. Teunis Van Middleswart – B. about 1682, New York; M. Adriaentje _______

3. Sarah Teunise Van Middleswart – B. about 1685, New York; M. John Brokaw (~1680-1740), about 1704, Somerset County, New Jersey

4. Abraham Teunisen Van Middleswart – B. about 1699, Somerset County, New Jersey

Register of the Early Settlers of Kings County, Long Island, N.Y., Teunis Bergen, 1881
"More About the Dutch Settlers," Our home: a monthly magazine of original articles, Abraham Van Doren Honeyman, 1873
"Wallerand Dumont and his Somerset County Descendants," John B. Dumont, Somerset County Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, 1912

GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Sheriff of Somerset County – Peter Abraham Dumont

B. 11 Jul 1734 in Hillsborough, New Jersey
M. (1) 6 Dec 1757 in New Jersey
Wife: Abigail Tunnison
M. (2) 23 Feb 1763 in Somerset County, New Jersey
Wife: Sarah Hegeman
D. 7 Jul 1818 in Hillsborough, New Jersey

Peter Abraham Dumont lived his entire life on the same farm. He was born in Hillsborough, New Jersey on July 11, 1734 to Abraham Dumont and Mattie Bergen, the oldest of their four children. On December 6, 1757, Peter married Abigail Tunnison; they had two daughters, but Abigail died two weeks after the birth of her second child in December 1761. Peter then married Sarah Hegeman on February 23, 1763. They had eight children born between 1764 and 1782.

Peter was a town committee member of Hillsborough, New Jersey from 1776 to 1777. Congress appointed him to act when necessary to organize militia and volunteer companies for service during the Revolutionary War. It was said that he was at the battle of Monmouth, and for many years an officer's uniform and sword hung in the garret of the old homestead which belonged to him.

Peter was sheriff of Somerset County, New Jersey starting in 1774, and was in this position at least until June of 1779. He was also Justice of the Peace from 1781 to 1782 and again in 1786, and Judge of the County from 1782 to 1784.

Peter owned at least two slaves who were involved in escapes. The first was in his jail after killing his master, and Peter put this notice in the New Jersey Gazette on June 23, 1779:

"SIXTY DOLLARS Reward. Made his escape a few days ago from the Provost Guard near Raritan bridge, a Negro Man named CUFF, well set, speaks very slow but good English, about 40 years old, very black; he was confined for killing his master, Joseph Moss, of Stony hill. Whoever secures the said Negro, so that he may be brought to justice, shall have the above reward, and all reasonable charges paid by PETER DUMONT, Sheriff of Somerset County."

On February 14, 1780, Peter put a notice in a New Jersey newspaper reporting his own runaway slave. “Ran away on Saturday night…, a negro man named Toney…. It is supposed he is endeavoring to go to the enemy. Any person taking up and securing said negro, or returns him to me, shall have [$200] and all reasonable charges, paid by me.”

Both slaves appear to have been captured, because they were mentioned in Peter’s will in 1817. The slave named Cuff must have come into Peter's possession after his capture and would have been nearly 80 years old when the will was written. Peter owned 9 slaves at the time of his death on July 7, 1818. His total estate, aside from his land, was valued at $5,730.

1. Sarah Dumont – B. 9 Mar 1764, Somerset County, New Jersey; D. 28 Feb 1846, Somerset County, New Jersey; M. Christopher B. Van Arsdalen (1760-1840), 30 Apr 1789, Somerset County, New Jersey

2. Abraham Dumont – B. 24 Mar 1767; D. 28 Aug 1775

3. John Dumont – B. 5 Sep 1769, Somerset County, New Jersey; D. 7 Jul 1822; M. Mary Perlee

4. Adrian Dumont – B. 7 Aug 1773; D. 13 Sep 1774

5. Abigail Dumont – B. 1 Mar 1777; D. 8 Aug 1777

6. Abraham Dumont – B. 16 Jun 1778, Somerset County, New Jersey; D. 9 Nov 1858; M. Judith Davis, 6 Jun 1799

7. Peter Dumont – B. 7 Nov 1782, Hillsborough, New Jersey; D. 12 Aug 1860, Hillsborough, New Jersey; M. Magdalen Davis (1781-1870), 6 Nov 1805

"Wallerand Dumont and his Somerset County Descendants," John B. Dumont, Somerset County Historical Quarterly, Vol. 1, 1912
Pretends to be free: runaway slave advertisements from colonial and revolutionary New York and New Jersey, Graham Russell Hodges and Alan Edward Brown, 1994
Will of Peter A. Dumont, Somerset County, New Jersey, 23 Oct 1817
Family bible of Christopher Van Arsdalen

No Room at the Inn in Lynn – Samuel Worcester

B. 1629 in Olney, England
M. 29 Nov 1659 in Rowley, Massachusetts
Wife: Elizabeth Parrat
D. 21 Feb 1681 in Lynn, Massachusetts
Emigrated: about 1638

It is believed that Samuel Worcester was born in Olney, England to Reverend William Worcester and Sarah Brown in 1629. He migrated to America with his parents in about 1638, settling in Salisbury, Massachusetts. By 1658, Samuel was a partner in a sawmill business.

Samuel married Elizabeth Parrat on November 29, 1659. Between about 1660 and 1681, they had 11 children. Samuel paid £70 for 300 acres of land in May of 1662 located in the area of Rowley that was later incorporated as Bradford. It is said that at some point, the Worcester family lost their home and everything in it when a fire consumed their house. Some time later, as they had "just begun to rise from the calamity," another fire burned their home, leaving them homeless again.

Others described Samuel as "a man of distinguished piety," who "shared largely in every effort to advance the interests of his adopted town." He donated an acre of his land of meadow for the general use of the church, so that a minister could clear it if he wished. He was the first representative from Bradford to the General Court, and took his seat as a member of that body in January 1680.

Samuel was reelected the following year. A meeting was called for February 22nd in Boston and he left his home in Bradford on foot, a distance of 30 miles. On the evening of February 20th, he made it as far as Lynn and sought a room for the evening, but couldn't get one at the inn. So he set out for the house of a friend. He never made it — the next morning, he was found dead, kneeling in the middle of the road. It's easy to imagine that freezing weather in New England may have been a factor in his death, but this is not stated in the anecdote.

Famous descendants of Samuel Worcester include Bette Davis.


1. William Worcester – B. 21 Jul 1661, Salisbury, Massachusetts; D. 23 Apr 1706, Bradford, Massachusetts; M. Martha Cheney (?-1729), 29 Jan 1691

2. Samuel Worcester – B. 31 Mar 1663, Salisbury, Massachusetts; D. 5 Jul 1686, Bradford, Massachusetts

3. Francis Worcester – B. 1665, Rowley, Massachusetts; D. 17 Dec 1717, Bradford, Massachusetts; M. Mary Cheney (1671-~1759), 29 Jan 1691

4. Joseph Worcester – B. Rowley, Massachusetts; D. Jun 1746, Rowley, Massachusetts; M. (1) Sarah _______ (?-1728); (2) Martha Palmer, 29 Apr 1730

5. Timothy Worcester – B. 4 Jun 1669, Rowley, Massachusetts; D. 13 Aug 1706, Bradford, Massachusetts; M. Huldah Cheney, 29 Jan 1691

6. Moses Worcester – B. 15 Jan 1671, Bradford, Massachusetts

7. Elizabeth Worcester – B. 16 Feb 1673, Bradford, Massachusetts

8. Dorothy Worcester – B. 21 Jan 1675, Bradford, Massachusetts; M. Joseph Dakin (1668-1744), 16 Jul 1696, Concord, Massachusetts

9. John Worcester – B. 31 Aug 1677, Bradford, Massachusetts; D. 1701

10. Ebenezer Worcester – B. 29 Apr 1679, Bradford, Massachusetts; D. 5 Feb 1764, Massachusetts; M. (1) Hannah _______ (?-1705); (2) Deliverance Looke (~1679-1768), 19 Nov 1706

11. Susanna Worcester – B. 11 Feb 1681, Bradford, Massachusetts

The Worcester family; or the descendants of Rev. William Worcester, W.W. Kellogg, 1856
The Life and Labors of Rev. Samuel Worcester, D.D., Samuel Melancthon Worcester, 1852
A Wooster Family [website]
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Saturday, February 25, 2012

A Puritan from Manchester – Thomas Brooks

B. about 1595 in (probably) Manchester, England
M. 2 Feb 1618 in Manchester, England
Wife: Grace Cunliffe
D. 21 May 1667 in Concord, Massachusetts
Emigrated: before 1636

Thomas Brooks was born in about 1595 to a shoemaker also named Thomas Brooks (mother's name unknown). On March 2, 1595, young Thomas was baptized at Manchester Cathedral in Manchester, England, and so it's likely he was born in that city. He married Grace Cunliffe on February 2, 1618 at Manchester Cathedral and is missing from further records in England. Thomas and Grace had four children, but there are no records of their baptisms anywhere. It's been suggested that if he was a Puritan, he may have married in the Church of England in order to legalize his marriage, but didn't need to have his children baptized in the church.

It's unknown when Thomas and his family migrated to America. One source says he came with Richard Saltonstall, a leading member of the Winthrop fleet of 1630, but there's no evidence of this. Another source states Thomas came on a ship in 1635 called the Susan and Ellen. This matches with a younger man named Thomas Brooks who also migrated from England and settled in Lynn, Massachusetts.

Thomas first appears in records of the Massachusetts Bay colony in July 1636 as an inhabitant of Watertown owning 20 acres of land. He became a freeman on December 7th of that year. Not long after, he joined a group at the new settlement of Concord. This was a significant place because it was the first town in Massachusetts inland from the coast. In moving to Concord, Thomas was among a small number of land owners there who would each have a share in future land division of undeveloped land. This meant an opportunity to own different soil types so he could diversify crops, an important advantage for a farmer.

On December 4, 1638, Thomas took the oath to be constable of Concord. He held the office until 1646. He was representative to the General Court in various years between 1642 and 1662. In 1642, he served as captain of the militia. Thomas also was involved with a group of other settlers in 1657 who requested permission to trade beaver furs with the Indians.

Thomas had other dealings with the Indians. In 1654, he and another man were authorized "to sell wine of any sort and strong liquors to the Indians, as to their judgments shall seeme most meete and necessary." He was forbidden to deliver to any one Indian more than a pint of liquor at a time.

In about January of 1663, Thomas was appointed to a committee to establish a permanent record of town deeds with maps. This was a major undertaking with the men on the committee making an official book of who owned what land in the town of Concord. It was thought to be necessary for "the comfort and peace of ourselves, and posterity after us."

In 1660, Thomas made a major purchase of land with his son-in-law Timothy Wheeler. Together they paid £404 for 400 acres of land in Medford that included a house and "some artifacts." The property bordered on the Mystic River and remained in the Brooks family until the 1940s. Today some 82 acres remain as the Brooks Estate, owned by the city of Medford.

Thomas' wife Grace died at Concord on May 12, 1664. Thomas sold his Concord house a few months later, possibly to live with one of his children. He died on May 21, 1667, leaving no will. His three sons and one son-in-law banded together to inventory the estate and divide it up amongst themselves, in order to keep it out of the courts. The estate including land was valued at over £368.

1. Mary Brooks – B. about 1623, England; D. 4 Oct 1693, Concord, Massachusetts; M. Timothy Wheeler (~1604-1687), about 1655, Concord, Massachusetts

2. Joshua Brooks – B. about 1630, England; M. Hannah Mason (1636-?), 17 Oct 1653, Watertown, Massachusetts

3. Caleb Brooks – B. about 1632, England; D. 29 Jul 1696, Medford, Massachusetts; M. (1) Susannah Atkinson (1641-1669), 10 Apr 1660, Concord, Massachusetts; (2) Hannah Atkinson (1643-1709), about 1670

4. Gershom Brooks – B. Massachusetts; D. 1686, Massachusetts; M. Hannah Eckles (?-1717), 12 Mar 1667, Concord, Massachusetts

Historic homes and institutions and personal memoirs of Worcester County, Massachusetts, Ellery Bicknell Crane, 1907
Genealogies of the families and descendants of the early settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts, Henry Bond and Horatio Gates Jones, 1860
The Brooks Estate – Medford, Massachusetts [website]
Tributaries – The Genealogies of the Brooks Families of New England [website]

Captain in the Revolutionary War – Oliver Lyman

B. 1 Apr 1739 in Northampton, Massachusetts
M. about 1760
Wife: Eleanor Lyman
D. 22 Jun 1799 in Charlotte, Vermont

Oliver Lyman was born in Northampton, Massachusetts on April 1, 1739 to Gad Lyman and Thankful Pomeroy. He was the oldest of six children. In about 1760, he married his second cousin, Eleanor Lyman. Between 1761 and 1775, they had seven children.

Oliver became a captain of the militia and served in this role when the American Revolution began. His duty was to keep the forces ready in his hometown of Northampton. On August 16, 1777, the Battle of Bennington was fought along the border between New York and Vermont. The British had thought they could raid the small town of Bennington, unaware that a militia of 1,500 men was stationed there. The Americans won and this greatly helped the cause of the war.

Before the battle, the British forces were marching near Northampton. On the night of August 13, word spread to the town that the enemy was in the area. The alarm was sounded and a man with a large drum notified everyone. Men of all ages assembled at the meetinghouse. They were given guns and told to be ready to fight.

It was said that Oliver was the captain of this company of over 100 men. They set out in the direction of the action, but didn't take part in the battle itself, only the aftermath when they had "a number of Hessians" delivered to them. It took about three days to bring them back to Northampton, where they guarded them inside the meetinghouse for several days.

Oliver moved his family to Charlotte, Vermont, but it's not clear when. He may have moved back to Northampton a few times. Some of his children were born in Charlotte before the war, but Oliver's service took place in Northampton. And in 1786, he was licensed as an inn keeper in Northampton.

Oliver died in Charlotte on June 22, 1799 and was buried in the Barber Hill Cemetery.


1. Abigail Lyman – B. 18 Apr 1762, Northampton, Massachusetts; D. 10 Apr 1834, Charlotte, Vermont; M. Ephraim Wooster (~1754-1808), 1781

2. Charlotte Lyman – B. 22 Nov 1763, Charlotte, Vermont; D. 21 Aug 1809; M. Ezra Clark, 14 Jun 1785

3. Gad Lyman – B. 23 Aug 1766, Charlotte, Vermont; D. 9 Feb 1813, Charlotte, Vermont; M. Prudence Bill (1771-1813)

4. Oliver Lyman – B. 31 May 1768, Charlotte, Vermont; D. 1793

5. Medad Lyman – B. 18 Mar 1770, Charlotte, Vermont; D. 5 Feb 1813, Charlotte, Vermont; M. (1) Anne Clapp (1773-1802); (2) Mrs. Olive Mead (1779-1836), 5 Dec 1805

6. Jared Lyman – B. 6 Sep 1772, Northampton, Massachusetts; D. 26 Jan 1813, Bridport, Vermont

7. Eleanor Lyman – B. 25 Jun 1775, Charlotte, Vermont; D. 1777

History of Northampton, James Russell Trumbull, 1902
Genealogy of the Lyman family in Great Britain & America, Lyman Coleman, 1872
Tombstone inscriptions, Barber Cemetery, Charlotte, Vermont

Keeping the Town Livestock – William Patten

B. in England
M. in England
Wife: Mary
D. 10 Dec 1668 in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Emigrated: Before March 1635

William Patten was born in England in the early 17th century and migrated to America with his family, but there are no details on his origins. He married a woman named Mary presumably in England, and they had a family of six children, with the youngest born Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1643.

William first turned up in the Cambridge town records on March 13, 1635, when the townsmen voted he should keep a hundred cattle belonging to the inhabitants of the town. He was hired to do this for seven months with a payment of £20, half to be paid in money and the other half in grain. In 1638, he had another agreement to keep the town cows, and in 1646, he was fined for letting one hog roam free. On two or three occasions he was appointed as a "surveyor of fences," and also as "surveyor of highways."

In 1642, William was enrolled as a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston. He lived on what is now Massachusetts Avenue, opposite the Common. The proprietors' records show that he had "one house and garden about halfe an Acre upon the Cow Common," and "in the New Lotts next to Manaotmie two Acres of planteing grounde." In 1647, forty-seven lots on the west side of Menotomy River were granted to several inhabitants of the town. In this distribution William had "three acre more or lesse."

On June 9, 1652, an agreement was made regarding the town of Shawshin (later called Billerica). In this William Patten was assigned eighty acres. It isn't known if he if he ever lived there, because he died in Cambridge. In 1655, "The Great Deed from Cambridge Proprietors to the Billerica Proprietors," making Shawshine or Billerica an independent town, was executed and William was one of the signers.

Between 1660 and 1668, William was granted liberty on several occasions to take lumber from the common to "repair fencez," "for a cart," "for a cow house," "to build a lean-to and an end to his farm," and to "repayre his old house at towne." He didn't always ask permission — in 1662, he was fined 20 shillings for cutting down trees on the common against town orders.

William Patten died December 10, 1668. He left no will, but on April 2, 1669, his widow filed an inventory worth almost £200.

1. Mary Patten – B. England; M. John Griggs, 11 Nov 1652, Roxbury, Massachusetts

2. William Patten – B. England; D. 22 Mar 1646, Cambridge, Massachusetts

3. Thomas Patten – B. Oct 1636, Cambridge, Massachusetts; D. 14 Jan 1690, Billerica, Massachusetts; M. (1) Rebecca Paine (?-1680), 1 Apr 1662, Billerica, Massachusetts; (2) Sarah Kendall (1653-1734), 20 May 1686, Billerica, Massachusetts

4. Sarah Patten – B. 27 Jan 1638, Cambridge, Massachusetts; M. Amos Woodward

5. Nathaniel Patten – B. 1639, Cambridge, Massachusetts; D. Jan 1640, Cambridge, Massachusetts

6. Nathaniel Patten – B. 29 Jul 1643, Cambridge, Massachusetts; D. 12 Jun 1725, Cambridge, Massachusetts; M. (1) Rebecca Adams (?-1677), 24 Nov 1669; (2) Sarah Cooper, 8 Oct 1678; (3) Sarah Hancock (1667-?), 15 Oct 1711

Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of Massachusetts, William Richard Cutter and William Frederick Adams, 1910

Quiet Farmer from North Carolina – Samuel Davis

B. 8 Jul 1798 in Rowan County, North Carolina
M. 31 Jul 1823 in Rowan County, North Carolina
Wife: Mary Clifford
D. 22 May 1888 in Jersey County, Illinois

Samuel Davis was born July 8, 1798 in Rowan County, North Carolina, the eighth child of John Davis and Elizabeth Bryan. His early years were described as having been spent in “the wilds of North Carolina,” and he recieved little or no formal education. When he was 23, his father died and left him a portion of his land.

On July 31, 1823, Samuel married Mary Clifford. They had eight children, three of whom died young. In 1829, the family moved to Greene County, Illinois (later split off as Jersey County). They were amongst the first settlers of the area and it's likely that the Davis family lived in a log cabin during the early years. Samuel arrived poor, but did fairly well farming in Illinois — by 1850, his property was worth $6,000. He kept the same farm for many years, and was described as having “always lived the life of a quiet farmer.”

In 1872, it was reported that Samuel was in such good health in his mid-seventies that he retained “almost the same activity that marked his boyhood.” His wife Mary died in 1875, and in the 1880 census, Samuel was recorded as living on the farm of Jospeh Luckey, who was his son-in-law's brother. Samuel's unmarried daughter Louisa was living with him.

Samuel died May 22, 1888 at the farm of C.H. Waters, six miles west of Jerseyville. He was buried in the Keller Cemetary in Jerseyville next to his wife. At the time of his death, his descendants totaled 4 children, 39 grandchildren and 28 great-grandchildren.

1. Elsa Louise Davis – B. November 1828, Rowan County, North Carolina

2. William Asbury Davis – B. 23 Apr 1831, Greene County, Illinois; D. 16 Oct 1869, Jerseyville, Illinois; M. Mary Elizabeth Luckey (1835-1901), 10 Mar 1853, Jersey County, Illinois

3. Mary Jane Davis – B. March 1834, Greene County, Illinois; D. 7 May 1927, Parsons, Kansas; M. Samuel Luckey (1830-1884), 7 Apr 1853, Jerseyville, Illinois

4. Margaret E. Davis – B. 4 Jul 1835, Illinois; D. 18 Oct 1919, Jersey County, Illinois; M. Tissier LaFayette Cray (1835-1920), 29 Sep 1857, Jersey County, Illinois

5. Minerva Davis – B. 17 Mar 1838, Jerseyville, Illinois; D. 24 Dec 1923, Jersey County, Illinois; M. John Cray (1826-1892), 5 Apr 1856, Jersey County, Illinois

Atlas of Jersey County, Illinois, 1872
Tombstone inscriptions, Keller Cemetary, Jersey County, Illinois
Marriage bond of Samuel Davis and Mary Clifford, Rowan County, North Carolina, July 1823
1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1900 U.S. Censuses
Obituary of Samuel Davis, Jersey County Democrat, Jerseyville, Illinois, 31 May 1888
Foot Prints in the Sand [], Garland Lively, 2009
Marriage certificate of Samuel Luckey and Mary Jane Davis, Jerseyville, Illinois, 7 Apr 1853
Illinois statewide marriage index, 1763-1900
Handwritten records of Pefley Cemetery, Parsons, Kansas
Obituary of Mary Jane Luckey, Parsons Daily Sun, 9 May 1927, Parsons, Kansas
Jersey County, Illinois cemetery records
Jersey County, Illinois funeral records
Jersey County, Illinois obituary index

A Founder of Hartford – William Lewis

B. in England
M. 7 Feb 1618 in England
Wife: Felix (last name unknown)
D. 1683 in Farmington, Connecticut
Emigrated: 22 Jun 1632 on the ship Lyon

William Lewis' origins are unknown. He was from England and married a woman named Felix (last name unknown) on February 7, 1618. The couple have been reported to have been from Cardiff, Wales, but this has been called a "fraudulent pedigree" by people trying to verify it. They are only known to have had one child, a son named William.

The Lewis family migrated to America on the ship Lyon, which departed from London on June 22, 1632 and arrived in Boston on September 16th. They settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where William was admitted as freeman on November 6th. The following year, William and his family joined a company of settlers who moved to Braintree.

In 1635, William became part of a group under Reverend Thomas Hooker who trekked through wilderness to found a new settlement on the Connecticut River. The group included "100 settlers with 130 head of cattle" and they called the place Newtown, renaming it in 1638 as Hartford. The motivation for the move was because Hooker disagreed with the leadership in Boston that put too much restriction on voting rights.

William had a sister Ann who migrated from England in 1642. She had been married to a man with the last name Staines; it's unclear when he died. Ann moved back to England not long after she arrived, and in 1649, William traveled to England and paid to bring her back to America. She lived out the rest of her life in Connecticut and died about 1670.

In 1659, William moved to Hadley, Massachusetts where he served as representative to the General Court in 1662. Then in 1664 he was in Northampton and served as representative from there. He was back in Hadley in 1671, where his wife Felix died. By November of 1677, William moved to Farmington, Connecticut.

William died in Farmington in 1683. He left a will written at the end of his life where he referred to himself as "stricken in years" and gave his property to his various grandchildren, who were all children of his son. William's name is inscribed on Hartford's Founders Monument with 24 other men. The plaque reads:

In memory of the courageous adventurers who inspired and directed by Thomas Hooker journeyed through the wilderness from Newtown (Cambridge) in the Massachusetts Bay to Suckiaug (Hartford) – October 1635

Famous descendants of William Lewis include Franklin Delano Roosevelt, J.P. Morgan, W.K. Kellogg, television inventor Philo Farnsworth and Mitt Romney.

1. William Lewis –  B. about 1620; D. 18 Aug 1690, Farmington, Connecticut; M. Mary Cheever (~1640-1728), 22 Nov 1671, Boston, Massachusetts

Passengers on the "Lion" from England to Boston, 1632, and five generations of their descendants, Sandra Sutphin Olney, 2008
Book XVIII of the Genealogy of the Lewis Family, Simeon D. Lewis, 1891
Bennett and Allied Families, Edgar John Bullard, 1931
Society of the Descendants of the Founders of Hartford [website]
Thomas Hooker [Wikipedia article]
GeneaStar: Famous Family Tree and Genealogy [website]

Friday, February 24, 2012

Insulting the Neighbors – Jeanne Rossignol

B. about 1652 in Chartes, France
M. (1) 1 Sep 1670 in Quebec City, New France
Husband: Charles Petit
M. (2) 4 Feb 1674 in Quebec City, New France
Husband: Jean Forget
M. (3) 28 Feb 1676 in Neuville, New France
Husband: Urbain Fouquereau
M. (4) 2 Sep 1704 in Neuville, New France
Husband: François Huard dit Laliberte
D. 22 Jan 1712 in Quebec City, New France

Jeanne Rossignol was born in about 1652 to Martin Rossignol and Renee Desjardins in Chartes, France. After her father died when she was a teen, her future looked uncertain; then she was accepted to be a King's Daughter, part of the migration to New France. Marriageable women were selected to help populate the French colony, a place where males far outnumbered females. As a King's Daughter, she had her passage paid for and could receive a payment of 50 livres if she married a French settler. In addition, Jeanne arrived with 200 livres in goods to offer a prospective husband. She was chosen almost immediately by a man named Charles Petit, and they were married on September 1, 1670.

Jeanne settled in Neuville with her husband and had two sons, but Charles died in 1673.
She married a second husband Jean Forget on February 4, 1674 and they had one son, but Jean died two years later. She married a third time to Urbain Fouquereau on December 28, 1676. Jeanne and Urbain had eight children born between 1677 and 1696; then Urbain died in February 1700. Jeanne married a fourth time to François Huard dit Laliberte, a widower.

In 1673, Jeanne got in trouble with her neighbors Neuville. She filed a complaint against Suzanne Rousselin, another King's Daughter, but lost the case when the court told her to “keep out of others’ business” and warned both not to insult each other. That same day, Jeanne was also brought under charges of slander by neighbors Jacques and Mathurine Renault. She lost this case too; the court decreed that “unless Jeanne could prove that Jacques was a thief and his wife a whore, she would have to make a ‘reparation of honor’ (public apology) to the couple, which she did.”

Jeanne died on January 22, 1712, at the Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, a hospital that is known as the first in what is now Canada and the United States. Her husband died there as well on August 24, 1722.

Children by Charles Petit:
1. Jacques Petit – B. about Oct 1672, Neuville, New France

2. Nicolas Petit – B. 4 Jan 1674, Neuville, New France

Children by Jacques Forget:
1. Jean Forget – B. 31 Oct 1675, Neuville, New France

Children by Urbain Fouquereau:
1. Pierre Fouquereau – B. about Aug 1677, Neuville, New France; D. young

2. Elisabeth-Ursule Fouquereau – B. 22 Aug 1679, Neuville, New France; D. 31 Dec 1758, Riviere Oelle, New France; M. Pierre Soucy (1673-1760), 13 Jan 1699, Riviere Ouelle, New France

3. Michel Fouquereau – B. 5 Oct 1681, Neuville, New France

4. André Fouquereau – B. 20 Dec 1683, New France

5. Madeleine Fouquereau – B. 10 Jul 1686, Neuville, New France; M. (1) Jacques Richaume, 25 Feb 1710, Repentigny, New France; (2) Louis Cailloneau, 8 Jan 1714, Repentigny, New France

6. Guillaume Fouquereau dit Urbain – B. 23 Mar 1690, Neuville, New France; M. Marie Anne Riviere (1699-?), 20 Mar 1719, Repentigny, New France

7. Marie-Anne Fouquereau – B. 3 Jul 1693, Neuville, New France; M. (1) Marien-Joseph Riviere (?-1719), 24 Nov 1712, Repentigny, New France; (2) Antoine Laniel dit Desrosiers, 29 Nov 1719, Repentigny, New France

8. Marie-Helene Fouquereau – B. 14 Feb 1696, Neuville, New France; M. Michel Rivet, 18 Jan 1718, Repentigny, New France

King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001

A Blacksmith in Quebec – Barthélemy Verreau

B. about 1631 in Dijon, France
M. 22 Sep 1665 in Château-Richer, New France
Wife: Marthe Quitel
D. 17 Dec 1700 in Château-Richer, New France

Barthélemy Verreau dit LeBourguigon was born in Dijon, France to Michel Verreau and Claudine Rocher in about 1631. Barthélemy received some education in his youth, and trained to be a blacksmith.

It is believed Barthélemy came to New France the summer of 1662 under contract to an edge-tool maker named Jean Milot of Montreal. As part of payment for his labor, he was given the tools to be a blacksmith and edge-tool maker. In January of the following year, Barthélemy was listed as a member of the militia of Montreal to protect against Iroquis attacks.

Barthélemy left Montreal about the end of 1664 and moved to the Beaupré Coast. On June 27, 1665, he bought a lot measuring 40 square feet. He built a house on the lot, but made an error when the gable extended two feet beyond the property onto the property next door. He would eventually pay to have the lot enlarged by a few feet.

In 1665, ships were bringing in young women into Quebec City to populate the colony and Barthélemy chose one to be his bride. Her name was Marthe Quitel and they were married on September 22nd in Château-Richer. Between 1667 and 1684, Barthélemy and Marthe had nine children. The family was listed in the censuses of 1667 and 1668 in Château-Richer. The census of 1682 listed Barthélemy in a different location with 4 head of cattle and 6 arpents of land under cultivation.

Barthélemy worked as a blacksmith well into his 60s, making hammers and plowshares for fellow colonists. He died on December 17, 1700 at Château-Richer. After his death, his son Barthélemy acquired all of his tools.

1. Antoine Verreau – B.13 Jan 1667, Château-Richer, New France; D. young

2. Jeanne Verreau – B. 15 Nov 1668, Château-Richer, New France; D. 22 Oct 1711, Quebec City, New France; M. (1) Pierre Cloutier (?-~1702), 16 Feb 1696, Château-Richer, New France; (2) Jacques=Baptiste Cauchon (1663-1726), 16 Apr 1703, Château-Richer, New France

3. Joseph Verreau – B. 27 Jan 1671, Château-Richer, New France; D. 28 Feb 1671, Château-Richer, New France

4. Marie Verreau – B. 18 Mar 1672, Château-Richer, New France; D. 25 Feb 1703, Château-Richer, New France; M. Pierre Dumas dit Langoumois (~1668-?), 16 Feb 1699, Château-Richer, New France

5. Marguerite Verreau – B. 26 Apr 1674, Château-Richer, New France; D. before 1748; M. Jacques Boutillet (1668-1749), 12 Jan 1699, Château-Richer, New France

6. Prisque Verreau – B. Sep 1676, Château-Richer, New France; D. before 1681

7. Barthélemy Verreau – B. 13 Jul 1678, Château-Richer, New France; D. Jun 1718, New France; M. Marguerite Prieur, 13 Feb 1708, Château-Saint-Louis, New France

8. François Verreau – B. 20 Mar 1682, Château-Richer, New France; M. Genevieve Gagné, 20 Jan 1724, Château-Richer, New France

9. Anne Verreau – B. 10 Jul 1684, Château-Richer, New France

Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990
King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001

Norwegian in New Amsterdam – Laurens Pietersen

B. Before about 1620 in Tønsberg, Norway
M. 18 Aug 1641 in New Amsterdam, New Netherland
Wife: Annetje Pieters
D. After 1663
Emigrated: about 1639

Laurens Pietersen was born probably before 1620 in the town of Tønsberg, Norway, a place described as the oldest present-day Scandinavian city. It's unknown why he migrated to America, but he was in New Amsterdam as early as 1639. On June 16th of that year, he was declared sole heir to the property of Roelof Roeloffsen.

Where Laurens Pietersen was from

Laurens married a woman from Germany named Annetje Pieters on August 18, 1641 in New Amsterdam. They had two daughters, Sytie born in 1642, and Engeltie born in 1646. On March 12, 1647, Laurens obtained a lot in Manhattan on the south side of Prince Street and about 50 feet from Broad Street. The house he built was the first one on Prince Street. On March 22, 1651, he purchased a plantation on the west side of Mespeth Kill, Long Island, “opposite to Richard Brudenel.”

Laurens' name appeared as sponsor for baptisms of several Norwegians in New Amsterdam from 1641 to 1663. It is unknown when he died.

1. Sytie Pietersen – B. 1642, New Amsterdam, New Netherland; M. Barent Joosten, 12 Dec 1658

2. Engeltie Louwerens – B. 1646, New Amsterdam, New Netherland; M. Jan Cornelissen Van Cleef (1628-?), about 1661

Scandinavian immigrants in New York, 1630-1674, K.C. Holter, 1916
Wikipedia article for Tønsberg, Norway

Naturalized Woman – Hanora Coleman

B. about 1825 in Ireland
M. before 1846 in Ireland
Husband: Timothy Toole
D. 2 Sep 1890 in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Emigrated: July 1853

Hanora Coleman was born in about 1825 in an unknown part of Ireland; nothing is known about her childhood except that she was probably poor and had no formal education. Her name was Hanora, but is listed on some documents as Nora and others as Hannah. When she was about 20, she met a man by the name of Timothy Toole, and they married. She gave birth to a girl named Mary on May 3, 1846.

Like many Irish, the Tooles must have suffered during the potato famine. Timothy migrated to America in 1848, leaving Hanora and Mary behind. They joined him and arrived in July 1853. The family first settled in Ohio, possibly the Cincinnati area. At some point they lived adjacent to a relative of Timothy named Dominick Toole, but it isn’t certain how they were related. Hanora had at least two more children in Ohio, one named Thomas in 1857 and another named Margaret in 1859. By 1860, Dominick relocated to Sibley County, Minnesota, and Hanora and Timothy followed a couple of years later. Both families appeared on the 1865 Minnesota census. By the 1870 census, Timothy had died.

On October 16, 1873, Hanora filed a declaration of intent to become a U.S. citizen. This is remarkable since women rarely took that step. She was only entitled to it as a widow; most likely she did so in order to own her farm. There is a record from 1881 showing that she filed for a homestead, a tract of land consisting of 80 acres. On the 1880 census, Hanora was living next to Dominick Toole and his large family. In her house, her only child was 23 year-old Thomas; Mary was married by then, and Margaret appears to have been living elsewhere. Hanora was listed as being a farmer, as well as keeping house. Everyone on the census page where she was listed was either from Ireland or their parents were.

Hanora's declaration of intent to become a U.S. citizen

Hanora moved to Minneapolis not long after filing for the homestead. Margaret was with her, and Mary came to live nearby a couple of years later after her husband died. Margaret eventually found work as a cook. Hanora died on September 2, 1890 of dysentery; presumably the conditions of living in Minneapolis contributed to her death.

1. Mary Toole – B. 3 May 1846, Ireland; D. 14 Dec 1904, Minneapolis, Minnesota; M. Patrick McGuire (1834-1882), 7 Jan 1867, Henderson, Minnesota

2. Thomas Toole – B. about 1857, Ohio

3. Margaret Toole – B. about 1859, Ohio

Death certificate of Hanora Toole
1870 and 1880 U.S. Censuses in Minnesota
1865 Minnesota State Census, Sibley County
Declaration of Intent of Hanora Toole, Sibley County, Minnesota, 16 Oct 1873
Homestead record of Hanora Toole, Sibley County, Minnesota, 30 Jun 1881
City directories of Minneapolis, 1885-1890
Tombstone inscriptions of St. Brendan's Cemetery, Green Isle, Minnesota
Death certificate of Patrick McGuire, 31 Dec 1882, Gaylord Minnesota
Death certificate of Mary McGuire, December 1904, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Marriage record of Patrick McGuire and Mary Toole, 4 Feb 1867, Henderson, Minnesota