Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Accused of Insulting the Governor – Agnes Morin

B. about Jan 1641 in Quebec City, Quebec
M. (1) 17 Nov 1653 in Quebec City, Quebec
Husband: Nicolas Gaudry dit Bourbonniére
M. (2) 12 Jan 1671 in Quebec City, Quebec
Husband: Ignace Bonhomme dit Beaupré
D. 30 Aug 1687 in Quebec City, Quebec

Agnes Morin was a member of one of the founding families of Quebec. Her mother was Hélène Desportes, the first European child born in what is now Canada, and her father was Hélène’s second husband, Nöel Morin. Agnes was born in about January 1641 in Quebec City, and she grew up there in a household with 11 younger siblings, plus two older half-siblings.

During the mid-17th century, there were few marriageable girls in Quebec, and Agnes was wed at the age of 12 on November 17, 1653 to Nicolas Gaudry dit Bourbonniére, who was in his early 30s. She had her first child, a daughter, when she was 15. Agnes and Nicolas had six children born between 1656 and 1667. Nicolas died on June 22, 1669 and was buried the following day at Notre-Dame in Quebec City. On January 12, 1671, Agnes married Ignace Bonhomme dit Beaupré, a man who was a few years younger than she was. They had a daughter born within the year, followed by seven more, with the youngest born in 1685.

Agnes’ life was marked by an event for which the details are sketchy. The governor of New France in the 1670s was an ex-military man named Louis de Baude de Frontenac, who was said to be contentious and arrogant. Governor Frontenac took charge of the French colonies in 1672, having spent much of his life in the French royal court. From this experience he had certain demands for protocol when he became the governor in Quebec. He often clashed with the people around him, including the Sovereign Court, which handled judicial matters.

One of the cases brought to the court in February 1678 involved Agnes, who had been charged with “uttering insulting words against the governor.” Exactly what Agnes said or did isn’t clear from records, but she seems to have been arrested and made to stand trial. Governor Frontenac may have himself pressed the charges, and it was said that his guards “ill-treated” her. It was the Sovereign Court that had control of the proceedings, though, and after hearing several witnesses, they dismissed the case.

Governor Frontenac wasn’t pleased and he took his rage out on the clerk who served the court. First, he cornered the man after a dinner and demanded he share what was going on behind the closed court session. The clerk refused, then when Frontenac forced the information out of him, got even more angry that it wasn’t going as he liked. He ended up grabbing the clerk by his coat, and ordering his guards to lock the man up, and the clerk was detained for several days.

After the incident involving her trial, Agnes went on with her life as a wife and mother. She passed away on August 30, 1687 in Quebec City and was buried with her first husband Nicolas. Her second husband Ignace remarried in 1691 to the widow of Nicolas’ brother Jacques.

Children by Nicolas Gaudry dit Bourbonniére:
1. Helene Gaudry – B. 5 Mar 1656, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 22 Nov 1712, St-Nicolas, Quebec; M. Pierre Boucher (1648-1702), 13 Dec 1671, Sillery, Quebec

2. Jacques Gaudry – B. 24 Apr 1658, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 12 Feb 1731, Varennes, Quebec; M. (1) Jeanne-Françoise Guillory (1674-1700), 1 Feb 1694, Montreal, Quebec; (2) Anne Bourdon (1678-1743), 3 Nov 1701, Boucherville, Quebec

3. Christine-Charlotte Gaudry – B. 16 Jun 1660, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 17 Sep 1729, Ste-Croix, Quebec; M. Jean Hamel (1652-?), 16 Feb 1677, Quebec

4. Marie-Françoise Gaudry – B. Aug 1662, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 21 Oct 1710, Sillery, Quebec; M. Jean Pilote (1657-1738), 27 Jun 1678, Quebec City, Quebec

5. Nicolas Gaudry dit Bourbonniére – B. 16 aug 1664, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 30 Jan 1735, Montreal, Quebec; M. Anne Pigeon (1672-1742), 7 Jan 1687, Montreal, Quebec

6. Agnes-Madeleine Gaudry – B. 19 Nov 1667, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 9 Jun 1713, Montreal, Quebec; M. Joseph Lemay (~1661-1707), 4 Jun 1686, Quebec City, Quebec

Children by Ignace Bonhomme dit Beaupré:
1. Marie-Catherine Bonhomme – B. 23 Nov 1671, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 14 Jul 1747, Quebec City, Quebec; M. Louis Moreau (1668-1735), 29 Mar 1693, Quebec City, Quebec

2. Anne-Félicité Bonhomme – B. 7 Oct 1673, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 8 Feb 1757, Quebec City, Quebec; M. (1) Louis Lefbvre (1667-1669), 18 Mar 1697, Sainte-Foy, Quebec; (2) Etienne Ayotte (1673-1758), 20 Jan 1702, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Quebec

3. Anne-Agnes Beaupré — B. 21 Jun 1675, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 27 Aug 1703, Quebec City, Quebec; M. Pierre Dion (1674-1738), 1697, Quebec

4. Marie-Catherine Bonhomme — B. 12 Jun 1677, Sillery, Quebec; D. 21 Feb 1745, Repntigny, Quebec; M. (1) François Michel Provost (1669-1711), 23 Oct 1695, Ste-Foy, Quebec; (2) Pierre Paris (1691-1746), 12 Feb 1714, Ste-Foy, Quebec

5. Ignace Bonhomme – B. 17 Oct 1678, Cote-St-Michel, Quebec; D. 13 Mar 1755, Terrebonne, Quebec; M. Marie-Therese Goulet (1691-1772), 9 Nov 1705, Montreal, Quebec

6. Charles-Ignace Bonhomme – B. 28 Sep 1682, Cote-St-Michel, Quebec; D. 28 Oct 1752, L’Ancienne-Lorette, Quebec

7. Noel Bonhomme — B. 13 Nov 1684, Coet-St-Michel, Quebec; D. 28 May 1755, L’Ancienne-Lorette, Quebec; M. Felicite Hamel (1687-1743), 2 May 1709, L’Ancienne-Lorette, Quebec

8. Marie-Madeleine Beaupré — B. 29 Oct 1685, Cote-St-Michel, quebec; d. 13 Mar 1733, Quebec City, Quebec; M. Pierre-Jospeh Marache (1677-1717), 10 Nov 1710, Saite-foy, Quebec

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
Hélène’s World: Hélène Desportes of Seventeenth Century Quebec, Susan McNelley, 2014
The Courtier Governor, W. J. Eccles, 1959
Louis de Baude de Frontenac (Wikipedia article)

Monday, January 15, 2018

Flour Mill Owner in Brooklyn — Hans Jorise Bergen

B. 31 Aug 1684 in New Utrecht, New York
M. 16 Aug 1711
Wife: Sitje Van Wicklen
D. 1726 in Hempstead, New York

Hans Jorise Bergen was born on August 31, 1684 to Joris Hansen Bergen and Sara Stryker, one of ten children. Hans’ heritage was Norwegian and Dutch, and included some of the original settlers of Brooklyn.

On April 30, 1708, Hans Jorise, his cousin Hans Michielse Bergen and others were tried for a “riot” at the tavern of Sarah Knight in Brooklyn. Sarah Knight was the widow of an Englishman, Thomas Knight, and her tavern was located near the intersection of present-day Hoyt and Fulton streets. The tavern was next to land that had belonged to Hans Jorise’s father, and likely this is where the 24-year-old Hans lived at the time. Sarah Knight and another woman named Martha Brower were indicted for “false swearing” at the trial. It isn’t known if Hans or the others were convicted for causing the disturbance at the tavern.

Hans married a woman named Sitje van Wicklen on August 16, 1711. They are known to have had three children, and they may have had others. On February 9, 1713, Hans bought over 20 acres of land located on Wallabout Bay. The property had a creek and a recently-built grist mill; Hans took over and operated the mill for several years.

By the time Hans sold the property in 1723, it included a house, bolting house, bolting mill and dam along with the mill. There was also a meadow, and a beach on the East River. The man who bought the property was named Remsen, and the mill became known as Remsen’s Mill. In 1776,  the mill was adjacent to where a British ship was docked holding Americans as prisoners in brutal conditions. A few generations later, the property would be the site of the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

After selling the mill, Hans and his family moved to Hempstead, where he died just a couple of years later in 1726. His probate inventory indicated that his wife Sitje was also deceased at that time.

Children:
1. George Bergen – B. 9 Oct 1712; d. 13 Oct 1784; M. (1) Margaret Dumont (1715-1743), 3 Jun 1738; (2) Maria Hoagland (1720-1770); (3) Mareya Van Nuys (~1727-?), 22 Aug 1771

2. Mattie Bergen – B. about 1713, Long Island, New York; D. 13 Feb 1768, Somerset County, New Jersey; M. Abraham Dumont (1706-1787), 10 Aug 1733

3. Evert Bergen – B. 1717, Long Island, New York; D. 17 Nov 1776, Somerset County, New Jersey; M. Jane Hegeman, 1739

Sources:
The Bergen Family: The Descendants of Hans Hansen Bergen, Teunis G. Bergen, 1876
“Wallerand Dumont and his Somerset County Descendants,” John B. Dumont,  Somerset County Quarterly, Volume 1, 1912
American Ancestry: Giving Name and Descent in the Male Line of Americans whose Ancestors Settled in the United States Previous to the Declaration of Independence, Volume 6, Thomas Patrick Hughes, Frank Marshall, 1891
Genealogical and personal memorial of Mercer County, New Jersey, Volume 2, Francis Bazley Lee, 190

Sunday, January 14, 2018

The First Well in Montreal – Jacques Archambault

B. 1605 in Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France
M. (1) 24 Jan 1629 in Saint-Philbert-du-Pont-Charrault, La-Roche-sur-Yon, Vendée, France
Wife: Françoise Toureau
M. (2) 26 Jan 1666 in Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec
Wife: Marie Deneau
D. 15 Feb 1688 in Montreal, Queebec

Jacques Archambault was a very early settler of Montreal who has the claim to fame of having dug the first well there. He was born in 1605 in the village of Dompierre-sur-Mer, France, which is a few miles inland from La Rochelle. His parents were Antoine Archambault and Renée Ouvrard, and he had at least one brother and one sister.

On January 24, 1629, Jacques married Françoise Toureau (also spelled Tourault) in the town of La-Roche-sur-Yon. They had seven children, all born in France between 1630 and 1642, one of whom died young. Records show that Jacques may have been a winemaker in the La Rochelle area.

In about 1646, he and his family boarded a ship bound for Quebec. Jacques was under contract to Pierre Lagardeur de Repentigny, and on October 2, 1647, he signed a five-year lease on some of Lagarduer’s land. Jacques was granted another piece of land in Cap-Rouge on September 15, 1651. This property had 4 arpents of frontage on the St. Lawrence River.

During his family’s time in Quebec, Jacques married off three of his daughters, with two of the marriages happening on the same day in 1648. The colony had a shortage of marriageable women, and the arrival of his daughters must have interested many of the men of Quebec.
One of his daughters, Marie, was only 12-years-old at the time of her marriage. She married a man named Urbain Tessier dit Lavigne, who had been granted land in the new settlement of Montreal.

Jacques became interested in joining the Montreal settlement, too, and for the next few years, he seems to have spent some of his time there. Montreal was having trouble developing because of its proximity to the Iroquois. The importance of the location to the French was because of the fur trade which was pushing further and further west. The settlers in the Montreal settlement were constantly on guard to defend their homes.

During 1651, Montreal was attacked many times by bands of Iroquois trying to drive the French people away. One incident with the Iroquois that year directly involved Jacques. On May 6th, some Iroquois warriors came upon two settlers named Jean Chicot and Jean Boudart. The Iroquois followed Boudart to his house where they captured his wife, and when he tried to fight them off, he was killed. Three other settlers arrived on the scene to help, and one of them was Jacques. Unfortunately, Boudart’s wife was taken away, then tortured and burned alive. Then Jacques and his companions went out to look for Jean Chicot. They found he had been scalped and left for dead, but he somehow survived and lived another 16 years.

Later that year, Jacques suffered a personal tragedy involving the Iroquois raids. On July 26th, a force of 200 Iroquois attacked Montreal. Jacques’ 20-year-old son Denis was firing a cannon at the attackers, but it exploded, killing him.

The French had to find a long-term solution for the Iroquois problem or give up settling in Montreal. They needed to strengthen their numbers by getting people to commit to staying there. On September 18, 1651, Jacques was granted 30 acres near Montreal’s newly-built fort. New settlers were recruited in France and began arriving within a couple of years. In 1654, the founder of Montreal, Paul de Chomedey, offered money to Jacques in return for guarding the fort and helping people to the fort whenever the Iroquois attacked.

As the focus turned to developing Montreal into a town, Paul de Chomedey commissioned Jacques to build a well at the fort. Jacques signed a contract on October 11, 1658 and was paid 300 livres for the project. The well was such a success, he was hired to build a well at the hospital the following year, and another well for a man’s farm the year after that. The well at the fort was the first ever built in Montreal, and the site today bears a plaque with Jacques’ name on it.

On December 9, 1663, Jacques' wife Françoise died. He married a widow named Marie Deneau (also spelled Denot), on January 26, 1666. Jacques lived out the rest of his life amongst his family. In 1678, his surviving son Laurent, along with his sons-in-law, offered him a pension because he was too old to work. Jacques died on February 15, 1688.

Jacques had thousands of descendants, the most famous being Pierre Trudeau, Justin Trudeau and Kelsey Grammer.

Children:
1. Denis Archambault – B. 12 Sep 1630, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. 26 Jul 1651, Montreal, Quebec

2. Anne Archambault – B. Mar 1631, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. 29 Jul 1699, Montreal, Quebec; M. (1) Michel Chauvin (1612-?), 27 Jul 1647, Qubec City, Quebec; (2) Jean Gervaise (1616-1690), 3 Feb 1654, Montreal, Quebec

3. Jacquette Archambault — B. about 1632, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. 17 Dec 1700, Ville de Quebec, Quebec; M. Paul Chalifour (1612-~1679), 28 Sep 1648, Quebec City, Quebec

4. Marie-Anne Archambault — B. about 1633, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. 8 Aug 1685, Montreal, Quebec; M. Gilles Lauzon, 27 Nov 1656, Montreal, Quebec

5. Marie Archambault – B. 24 Feb 1636, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. 16 Aug 1719, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Quebec; M. Urbain Tessier(1626-1689), 28 Sep 1648, Quebec City, Quebec

6. Louise Archambault – B. 18 Mar 1640, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. young

7. Laurent Archambault – B. 10 Jan 1642, Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France; D. 19 Apr 1730, Pointe-aux-Trembles, Quebec; M. Catherine Marchand(~1644-1713), 7 Jan 1660, Montreal, Quebec

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1988
Jacques Archambault (wikipedia article)

Thursday, January 11, 2018

Sea Captain and Merchant in New France – Vital Caron

B. 11 Aug 1673 in La Prairie, Quebec
M. 24 Jan 1698 in Montreal, Quebec
Wife: Marie Perthius
D. 20 Apr 1745 in Lachine, Quebec

Vital Caron was a merchant who ran ships in Quebec, and was also sometimes involved in defending the colony. He was born on August 11, 1673 in La Prairie, a settlement on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River across from Montreal. His parents were Claude Caron and Madeleine Varennes, and he was one of eight children.

On January 24, 1698, Vital married Marie Perthius in Montreal. They had eight children born between 1698 and 1713. Vital and his family settled in Lachine, which is on the island of Montreal. This was Vital’s base for his fur trading activity, and expeditions often took him far from home. Records show that he traveled to Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit) arriving there on April 3, 1707, a time when it was a remote outpost.

Vital was said to be “captain of the Lachine militia.” It’s not known what years he held this rank; it was likely during Queen Anne’s war (1702-1713) and the years after. France supplied some military to its colonies in America, but forces were supplemented in times of need with local men who were on call, and a sea captain like Vital was a valuable person in a militia.

On one occasion, Vital may have been involved in taking goods from an abandoned English ship. In October 1711, a fur trader named Margane de Lavaltrie came upon an English shipwreck along the St. Lawrence River. The ship had been part of a fleet of English ships that had sailed from Boston in order to attack Quebec. Margane said that Vital was the captain of a ship that had gotten to the shipwreck before he did, and that his men had “pillaged the wreckage.” It’s not known if Vital faced any legal action for raiding the ship.

In 1713, Vital was named in a lawsuit regarding the transport of goods between Lachine and Fort Pontchartrain. Two men named Desrouchers and Paul Chavalier were accused of transporting the items without a permit. Vital was a recipient of the goods, but was not charged with a crime.

Vital had a more personal legal matter in 1723 involving one of his daughters, Angélique. The 17-year-old girl had become pregnant out-of-wedlock, and Vital had a young man named Jean-Baptiste Girard charged with rape. The court found him guilty and Girard was ordered “to be forthwith led and conveyed under good and safe guard to the parish church of Lachine, for there the marriage between him and Angélique Caron to be celebrated in the accustomed manner if she and her father and mother consent thereto.” But Girard appealed to the Supreme Council and the ruling was overturned, so the marriage never took place. Angélique gave birth to a baby girl on October 15, 1723, and she was named Marie-Jeanne Girard.

Vital turns up in court records again in 1729, this time being sued for a sum of money by François Amariton, a military captain who had been in charge of an outpost at Green Bay a few years earlier. It’s not known what the dispute was about.

On April 20, 1745, Vital died in Lachine. He was buried at the Notre-Dame cemetery in Montreal.

Children:
1. Marie-Anne Caron — B. 17 Dec 1698, Montreal. Quebec; D. 1 Apr 1754, Chateauguay, Quebec; M. (1) Jacques Pare (1695-1719), 16 Nov 1717, Lacine, Quebec; (2) Paul Hotesse (1682-1730), 22 Sep 1728, Montreal, Quebec; (3) Jacques Forestier (1695-1747), 5 Nov 1736, Montreal, Quebec

2. Vital Caron – B. 14 May 1700, Quebec; D. 18 Apr 1747, Fort Detroit, New France; M. Marie-Madeleine Pruneau (1708-?), 20 Jul 1735, Fort Detroit, New France

3. Marie Caron – B. 19 Apr 1702, Montreal, Quebec; D. 4 Aug 1782, Montmorency, Quebec; M. Jean-Baptiste Brault (1699-1773), 14 Dec 1721, Lachine, Quebec

4. Jean-Baptiste Caron — B. 26 Apr 1704, Lachine, Quebec; D. 5 Nov 1785, Chateauguay, Quebec; (1) Josephe Tabault (1708-1749), 26 Oct 1733, Montreal, Quebec; (2) Josephe Duquet (1726-1784), 7 Apr 1750, Chateauguay, Quebec

5. Angélique Caron — B. 17 Feb 1706, Lachine, Quebec; M. (1) Pierre Lamothe (~1693-1752), 21 Jan 1740, Montreal, Quebec; (2) Michel Henry (~1727-?), 6 Jun 1757, Montreal, Quebec

6. Catherine Caron – B. 25 Dec 1707, Montreal, Quebec; D. 25 Nov 1799, Lachine, Quebec; M. Antoine Picard (1700-1779), 8 Jan 1731, Lachine, Quebec

7. Jeanne Caron – B. 27 Nov 1709, Lachine, Quebec; D. 13 Aug 1757, Fort Detroit, New France; M. Pierre Meloche (1701-1760), 16 aug 1729, Lachine, Quebec

8. Madeleine Caron — B. 1713, Quebec; D. 18 Apr 1769, Lachine, Quebec; M. Antoine Tabault (1710-?), 10 Jan 1735, Lachine, Quebec

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
Bibliotheque et Archives nationales Quebec
Analytic Table of the judgments and Deliberations of the Supreme Council from the 11th of January 1717 to the 25th of November 1730
Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Volume III

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

An Acadian Farmer – François Levron dit Nantais

B. about 1651 in (probably) Nantes, France
M. 1676 in Port-Royal, Acadia
Wife: Agnés-Catherine Savoie
D. 23 Jun 1714 in Port-Royal, Acadia

François Levron dit Nantais was a Frenchman in Acadia during a time when the English were trying to take it over. His origins and exact birth year are unknown, but his surname on some records indicates he may have been born in Nantes, France, and records giving his age suggest he was born between 1650 and 1653. His arrival in Acadia was believed to be after the 1671 census, and before 1676, the year he got married. His wife was Agnés-Catherine Savoie, a native of Acadia, who may have been as young as 14-years-old at the time of their marriage. Between about 1677 and about 1700, they had nine children.

From the time François arrived in Acadia, he seems to have spent the rest of his life in Port-Royal as a farmer. The settlement had around 500 inhabitants and was the largest town in the colony. Censuses taken between 1686 and 1700 show that François’ farm had up to 18 sheep and 12 cattle, plus some hogs and 20 fruit trees, on 15 arpents of land. But in 1707 his farm was much smaller, with only one-half arpent of land and two cattle. That year, he and his wife had seven children living in the household.

The years between the 1700 Census and the 1707 Census were not peaceful ones in Port-Royal. Forces from New England attacked the colony several times, trying to take control from the French. This culminated in some fierce fighting in 1707. The New Englanders were defeated, but it was reported that they had “wrought considerable havoc by burning down many houses, killing livestock, and uprooting grain and crops.” It’s possible this could explain why François’ farm had become so much smaller by that year.

François died on June 23, 1714 in Port-Royal. The generations of the family that followed were pushed out of Port-Royal and his descendants migrated to many places in New France. Some went to Ile-St-Jean (Prince Edward Island), some went to Ile-Royal (Cape Breton), and one son went to Boucherville, Quebec. Later generations would migrate to the Great Lakes region, the Illinois territory, and after being deported from Acadia during the 1750s, New Orleans.

Children:
1. Jacques Levron – B. about 1677, Port-Royal, Acadia; D. about 1745, Port-Royal, Acadia; M. Marie-Marian Doucet (~1694-1746), 8 Jan 1710, Port-Royal, Acadia

2. Madeleine Levron – B. about 1682, Port-Royal, Acadia; M. Clement Vincent (~1674-?), 1698, Port-Royal, Acadia

3. Anne Levron – B. about 1684, Port-Royal, Acadia

4. Marie Levron – B. about 1685, Port-Royal, Acadia; D. 1 Aug 1727, Port-Royal, Acadia; M. (1) Jean Garceau (1678-~1710), 20 Nov 1703, Port-Royal, Acadia; (2) Alexandre Richard (~1686-?), 26 Dec 1711, Acadia

5. Elisabeth Levron – B. about 1690, Port-Royal, Acadia; M. (1) Michel Picot (?-~1711), Nov 1705, Port-Royal, Acadia; (2) Yves Maucaire, Jan 1712, Port-Royal, Acadia

6. Joseph Levron – B. about 1691, Port-Royal, Acadia; D. about 1758, (probably) Fort Frontenac, New France; M. (1) Rose Veronneau (1700-1735), 12 Sep 1722, Boucherville, Quebec; (2) Catherine Brunet (1681-~1756), 26 Jan 1750, Fort Frontenac, New France

7. Jean-Baptiste Levron – B. about 1692, Port-Royal, Acadia; about 1755, Acadia; M. Françoise Labauve, Jan 1716, Port-Royal, Acadia

8. Jeanne Levron – B. about 1694, Port-Royal, Acadia; D. 19 Jan 1751, Port-Royal, Acadia; M. Augustin Comeau (~1688-1741), 12 Feb 17

9. Pierre Levron – B. about 1696, Port-Royal, Acadia; D. Jan 1725, Acadia

Sources:
1678, 1686, 1693, 1687, 1700 and 1707 Acadian and Port-Royal Censuses
Acadians in Gray (website)

Tuesday, January 9, 2018

Building Mills in Bedford, New Hampshire – John Riddle

B. 30 Oct 1754 in Bedford, New Hampshire
M. (1) 1775 in (probably) Bedford, New Hampshire
Wife: Mary McAfee
M. (2) 22 Dec 1809, New Hampshire
Wife: Sarah Hartshorn
D. 16 Nov 1814 in Bedford, New Hampshire

John Riddle was described as an “industrious, hard-working man.” He was born on October 30, 1754 in Bedford, New Hampshire to Gawn Riddle and Mary Bell. John was their oldest child; he had four younger brothers and one sister. His parents’ heritage was Scottish, as were many of the people in Bedford.

John came of age around the start of the American Revolution and he signed the Declaration of the Inhabitants of New Hampshire in 1776. This was a declaration of support for the fight for independence, and all young men in New Hampshire were told to sign it. In addition, John volunteered for service in the New Hampshire troops as a private; he eventually earned the rank of lieutenant.

In 1775, John married a girl named Mary McAfee, who was said have been born in 1760. There was a McAfee family in Bedford, but her connection to them is unknown. John and Mary had nine children born between 1777 and 1793.

John was known to be a carpenter, and around 1780, he built a saw mill and a grist mill on the Piscataquog River. At least one of the mills was still in operation into the 20th century. He also was involved in constructing bridges in the Bedford area, including one in 1785. And in April 1786, he was on a Bedford building committee for a new pound made of stone to replace a previous one made of logs. The pound was an enclosure for stray livestock until the animals could be claimed by their owners.

During the 1770s or 1780s, John built his own house, and it’s still standing today near the intersection of New Amherst Road and Wallace Road in Bedford. It’s described as a single-story clapboard Cape Cod with a center chimney.

John’s wife Mary died on July 20, 1807. He married a second wife, Sarah Hartshorn, on December 22, 1809 and they had two children. John passed away on November 16, 1814 and was buried in Bedford Center Cemetery. The inventory of his possessions was made the following year which showed that his oldest son, Gawn, was working as his partner and shared ownership of his equipment and tools. The inventory also had a detailed list of the clothing John owned at the time of his death, giving a glimpse into how he dressed: 1 blue coat, 1 worsted waistcoat, 1 cotton waistcoat, 1 pair of velvet pantaloons, 1 shirt, one pair of boots, 1 black coat, 1 pair of breeches, 1 silk waistcoat, 1 hat, and 1 pair of pantaloons.

Children by Mary McAfee:
1. Gawn Riddle – B. 28 Jun 1777, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. Jul 1837, Bedford, New Hampshire; M. Dolly French (1778-?), 20 Feb 1800, Merrimack, New Hampshire

2. Mary Riddle – B. 11 Dec 1778, Bedford, New Hampshire; 22 Jun 1854, Frankfort, Maine; M. John Black (1769-1842), 2 Jan 1814, Prospect, Maine

3. Nancy Agnes Riddle – B. 5 Jan 1781, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. 20 Jun 1852, Prospect, Maine; M. William French (1781-1847), 9 Feb 1807, Bedford, New Hampshire

4. Susannah Riddle — B. 1784, Bedford, New Hampshire; 3 Sep 1862; M. Daniel Moore (1780-1850), 24 Sep 1807, Bedford, New Hampshire

5. James Riddle – B. 9 Jan 1786, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. Mar 1827; M. Anna Dole (1790-1849), 6 Dec 1815, Bedford, New Hampshire

6. Anna Riddle – B. May 1789, Bedford, New Hampshire; M. James Staples (1786-1869), 10 Aug 1811, Prospect, Maine

7. William Riddle – B. 1791, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. 1845, Bedford, New Hampshire

8. John Riddle — B. about 1791, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. About 1812

9. Matthew Riddle — B. 1793, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. 1 Sep 1828, Terre Haute, Indiana; M. Sarah Dole (~1792-1844), 13 Dec 1819, Butler County, Ohio

Children by Sarah Hartshorn:
1. Gilman Riddle – B. 25 July 1811, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. 25 May 1893, Manchester, New Hampshire; M. (1) Mary J. Eveleth (1811-1839), 1836; (2) Emeline Henry (1811-1899), 1841

2. Eliza S, Riddle – B. 1814, Bedford, New Hampshire; D. 18 Sep 1859; M. William Wiseman West (1807-1872)

Sources:
The History of Bedford, New Hampshire, from 1737, Rumford Printing Company, 1903
Inventory of the will of John Riddle, 22 Mar 1815
New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources: Bedford Center Historic District, 2013
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Saturday, January 6, 2018

Sister of the Founder of Connecticut – Dorothy Hooker

B. about 1590 in (probably) Marefield, Leicestershire, England
M. 1 Jun 1609 in Birstall, England
Husband: John Chester
D. 1662 in Hartford, Connecticut

Dorothy Hooker’s life was largely shaped by who her brother was. She was born in about 1590 probably in the village of Marefield, England, which was in Leicestershire. Her parents were Thomas Hooker and Susannah Pym, and she was one of at least six children. On June 1, 1609, Dorothy married John Chester at Bristall, England. They had two known children, one of whom died likely as an infant. John died in 1628, leaving Dorothy as a widow.

Dorothy’s older brother was Reverend Thomas Hooker, a very important figure amongst the Puritans. Reverend Hooker began preaching at a time when Puritans were under the threat of authorities in England. For a few years, he escaped persecution by moving to the Netherlands, then he made the decision to migrate to Massachusetts. He arrived on the ship Griffin on September 4, 1633 along with his wife and children. Also on board the ship were Dorothy and her son Leonard.

Reverend Hooker first settled in Newtown, Massachusetts, but had disagreement over some issues with the colony leaders, and he made plans to settle elsewhere. He obtained a grant of land in the Connecticut valley, and in 1636 led a group of 100 people there. These people were the original settlers of Hartford, and Dorothy was among them.

Reverend Hooker was a forward thinker. He believed all Christian men should have the right to vote, not just those who had been through the screening process of becoming a freeman. He once said, “The foundation of authority is laid firstly in the free consent of the people.” In January 1639, he and his followers created a document called “Fundamental Orders of Connecticut,” which is been thought to have been the earliest “democratic constitution establishing a representative government” in the world.

Shortly after the Fundamental Orders were ratified, the land in Hartford was divided into lots for the settlers. Dorothy may have been the only woman to be given land in her own right. Her town lot was shown on a 1640 map to be at the end of a block of what was later Main Street. She was given two years to build a house there; it’s not known if she actually did.

In 1649, Dorothy made a complaint against three people named George Chappell, Goody Coleman and Daniel Turner whom she accused of “misdemeanors.” Daniel Turner was mentioned as having “libeled” Dorothy, and he was given a harsh sentence that included both a prison term and two public whippings.

Reverend Hooker died in 1647 and Dorothy’s son Leonard died in 1648. Sometime in 1662, Dorothy passed away at Hartford and she was buried in the Ancient Burying Ground. Years later, she would be one of only two women named on the Hartford Founders Monument.

Children:
1. Leonard Chester — B. 15 Jul 1610, Blaby, Leicestershire, England; D. 11 Dec 1648, Wethersfield, Connecticut; M. Mary Sharpe (1608-1688), 1634, Wethersfield, Connecticut

2. Elizabeth Chester — B. 6 Feb 1625, England; D. young

Sources:
A Catalogue of the Names of the early Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut, Royal Ralph Hinman, 1852
The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884, Volume 1, James Hammond Trumbull, 1886
Thomas Hooker (Wikipedia article)
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