Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Serving Under George Rogers Clark – Louis Victor Edeline

B. 23 Dec 1730 in Longueuil, Quebec
M. 14 May 1759 in Fort Detroit, New France
Wife: Marie-Jospeh Thomas
D. 28 Apr 1799 in Vincennes, Northwest Territory

Louis Victor Edeline was a veteran of the American Revolution who served under George Rogers Clark at the Battle of Vincennes. He was born in Longueuil, Quebec on December 23, 1730 to Louis Antoine Edeline and Marie-Madeleine Drusson dit Robert, the youngest of their four children, two of whom died young. Both of his parents were over 40 when he was born. Louis’ father was a fur trader who was frequently away from home, but his parents saw that he received an education, at least enough so that he could read and write.

Louis was still a teen when his mother died on August 25, 1747. Within a couple of years, young Louis joined his father at Detroit. In return for making a commitment to farm there, they received land, supplies and rations of food. Their land was on the south shore of the Detroit River in present-day Windsor, Ontario.

As Louis came of age, he found himself in a country at war. In 1754, England was fighting France, and one thing at stake was control of territory in North America. Detroit became a key stronghold, and the French sent 400 men to man the fort. It’s not known if Louis had any role in the defense of Detroit, but given his later military status, it’s likely he did.

Before the war was over, Louis’ father died in 1758. On April 28, 1759, Louis married Marie-Joseph Thomas, a woman who was born Philadelphia. She had been living in Detroit for two years at the time of their wedding; the story of how she ended up there isn’t known. The French were defeated in the war, and in 1760, British troops took charge of Fort Detroit. It was around this time that Louis and his wife left, moving to the settlement at Vincennes. Their first child was born the following year; between 1761 and 1786, they had 11 children.

Although the British controlled Vincennes, life for the French settlers went on pretty much as it had before. For a brief time in 1774, a governor came and went, but things really changed during the American Revolution. In July 1778, Americans under George Rogers Clark took over nearby Kasaksia, and the priest who served there, Father Gibault, was committed to the cause. The priest came to Vincennes and convinced the French men to sign an oath of allegiance to the Americans. Louis’ signature is prominent on the document; he was said to be one of only 12 men in Vincennes who were literate.

At the same time that the people of Vincennes pledged support for the Americans, Clark sent one of his men, Captain Leonard Helm, to take charge of the fort. He organized a militia of French men, and it’s likely that this is when Louis signed up to serve. In December, a British force took the fort back without a fight. Captain Helm was imprisoned and the men of the militia were ordered to give up all of their ammunition. The men cooperated, though some of them buried their gunpowder rather than turn it in.

When George Rogers Clark made his sneak attack in February 1779, the militia men eagerly volunteered to help him. The gunpowder they had hidden was offered to Clark, whose own powder had been ruined when his soldiers trekked through water up to their necks. Louis and the other men took up arms and fought alongside Clark and his forces. The Americans captured the fort, freeing Captain Helm, and hauling away those on the British side as prisoners of war. On a personal note, Louis’ wife gave birth to a daughter on the day after the battle; the baby was named appropriately named Victoire.

Captain Helm took command of the Vincennes militia again, and Louis was formally given the rank of second captain. In March, 50 members of the militia went up the Wabash and captured 40 men fighting on the British side. It’s not known if Louis was on this mission, but presumably he was. Clark soon left Vincennes and a lieutenant from Virginia was sent to oversee the town. He appointed four French men as judges, one of whom was Louis. He would hold a judgeship in Vincennes for most of the rest of his life.

After the war, Louis and the other Vincennes judges turned their attention to apportioning land. The documentation of the original grants to the French settlers of Vincennes was somewhat sloppy and everything needed to be formalized. The judges were said to have given themselves generous plots of public land in the process. They did this in a system of having three of the four awarding the other one lands, taking turns doing this, so that they divided up the public land between them. After complaints were made to the authorities back east, the judges claimed they were only following the Vincennes custom of assigning themselves the authority over the land so they could then give it to new settlers as they saw fit.

In 1796, tragedy struck Louis’ family when one of his daughters drowned in the Wabash at age 28; she was said to be traveling from Fort Wayne to see her parents and siblings. Her second husband was a prominent military commander named Jean Francis Hamtramck, and his wife’s death left him with two young girls to raise. After Hamtramck’s death in 1803, the girls’ guardian was William Henry Harrison, the governor of Indiana and future president of the United States.

Louis died in Vincennes on April 28, 1799, and he was buried in the Old French Cemetery at St. Francis Xavier Church. It isn’t known when his wife died; she didn’t seem to be living at the time of his death. Louis’ estate wasn’t settled until about 10 years later.

Children:
1. Marie-Louise Edeline – B. 9 Sep 1761, Fort Vincennes, New France; D. young

2. Marie-Joseph Edeline – B. Oct 1763, Fort Vincennes, New France;  D. 21 May 1796, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; M. (1) Nicholas Perrot; (2) Jean-François Hamtramck (1756-1803)

3. Marie-Barbe Edeline — B. 13 Dec 1764, Fort Vincennes, New France; D. 11 Jan 1795, Vincennes, Northwest Territory

4. Jean-Louis Edeline – B. Jan 1767, Fort Vincennes, New France

5. Marie-Louise Edeline — B. 28 Oct 1770, Fort Vincennes, New France; D. Jan 1793; M. Joseph Joyeuse (1769-?), 15 Feb 1791, Vincennes, Northwest Territory

6. Nicholas Edeline — B. 2 Nov 1772, Fort Vincennes, New France; M. Therese Godere (1778-?), 10 Aug 1795, Vincennes, Northwest Territory

7. Joseph Marion Edeline — B. 28 Aug 1774, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; D. 16 Mar 1819, Vincennes, Indiana; M. (1) Genevieve Renaud dit Deslauriers (1779-~1819), 18 Feb 1799, Vincennes, Indiana; (2) Cecile Delisle, 22 Feb 1819, Vincennes, Indiana

8. Jacques Edeline — B. 28 Mar 1776, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; D. about 1798

9. Alexis Edeline — B. 15 Jul 1777, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; D. about 1808

10. Victoire Edeline — B. 25 Feb 1779, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; D. young

11. Pierre Edeline — B. 21 Feb 1786, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; D. about 1825; M. Françoise LaTour (1796-?), 30 Apr 1813, Vincennes, Indiana

Sources:
“My Ancestry & their descendants plus misc research,” Denis Paul Edeline, RootsWeb.Ancestry.com
History of Knox and Daviess Counties, Indiana, 1886
St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church Records: Baptisms 1749-1838, Barbara Schull Wolfe, 1999
St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church Records: Marriages and Deaths 1749-1838, Barbara Schull Wolfe, 1999
Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, dar.org
“The Tragic Story of Marie Joseph Edeline, First Wife of Jean François Hamtramck,” Michigan’s Habitant Heritage, Vol. 32, Karl DeLisle, Jan 2011
Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio 1778-1783, Volume 1, William Hayden English, 1896
François Riday Busseron (Wikipedia article)

Sunday, April 15, 2018

Farming On Poor Soil – Robert Fletcher

B. about 1592 in England
M. about 1616 in England
Wife: Sarah
D. 3 Apr 1677 in Concord, Massachusetts

Robert Fletcher was one of many Puritans who faced challenges trying to produce crops in New England. He was born in about 1592; some have speculated he was from Yorkshire, but his name is too common to say that conclusively. Later documents showed that he couldn’t sign his name, so he was likely uneducated. Robert married a woman named Sarah and they had a daughter and two sons by the time they arrived in Massachusetts around 1631. Two more sons were born during the next few years.

During the early 1630s, the population of the colony grew quickly, and the people looked to form new towns. In 1635, Concord, Massachusetts became the first settlement to be established inland, and it’s likely that the Fletchers were among the original 12 families. The settlers arrived late in the year, setting up some rough dwellings for the winter. The following year, they formalized ownership of the land by paying the Indians for it with “wampum, hatchets, hoes, knives, cotton-cloth and shirts.” By 1637, a few other families had joined the community, and Robert was appointed the town constable, a post he held for one year.

It wasn’t a certainty that the town of Concord would last. Quite a number of people left within the first few years, moving to newer communities in Connecticut. Those who stayed struggled to make a profit with their farms. In 1645, Robert joined 11 other men in a petition to the governor and General Court of the colony, asking that their “common charges” be lowered due to their poverty. The petition described the “badness and wetness of the meadows,” and that no matter how hard they worked, they couldn’t produce good crops. 

Robert and the other settlers stuck it out, and Concord survived. He lived out his life there, his name appearing in various other petitions and documents over the years. He wrote a will in 1672 mentioning his three living sons, William, Samuel and Francis. Robert died in Concord on April 3, 1677. His wife died a month later.

Famous descendants of William Fletcher include Franklin Pierce, George W. Bush, Barbara Bush, Dick Cheney and actor Orson Bean.

Children:
1. Carey Fletcher — B. about 1618, England; D. 9 Jul 1669, Chelmsford, Massachusetts; M. (1) Thomas Jewell (~1608-~1654), about 1641; (2) Humphrey Greggs, 1 Nov 1655, Braintree, Massachusetts; (3) Henry Kibbe (1611-1661), 8 Oct 1657; (4) John Gurney, 12 Nov 1661; John Burge, 3 Jul 1667, Chelmsford, Massachusetts

2. William Fletcher — B. about 1622, England; D. 6 Nov 1677, Chelmsford, Massachusetts; M. Lydia Fairbanks (~1622-1704), 7 Oct 1645, Concord, Massachusetts

3. Luke Fletcher – B. about 1625, England; D.  21 May 1665, Concord, Massachusetts

4. Samuel Fletcher — B. about 1632; D. 9 Dec 1697, Massachusetts; M. Margaret Hailstone (~1639-~1697), 14 Oct 1659, Concord, Massachusetts

5. Francis Fletcher — B. about 1636; D. 1704; M. Elizabeth Wheeler (1635-1704), 11 Oct 1656, Concord, Massachusetts

Sources:
Fletcher Family History: The Descendants of Robert Fletcher of Concord, Mass, Part 1, Edward Hatch Fletcher, 1881
History of Massachusetts Blog (website)

Thursday, April 12, 2018

On La Salle’s Expedition – Pierre You de La Découverte

B. 1658 in La Rochelle, France
M. (1) Apr 1693 in Chicago
Wife: Élisabeth (of the Miami tribe)
M. (2) 15 Apr 1697 in Montreal
Wife: Madeleine Just
D. Aug 1718 in Montreal, Quebec

Pierre You de la Découverte was best known for having traveled with René-Robert La Salle, but there was much more to his story. Pierre was from the parish of St-Sauveur in La Rochelle, France, born in about 1658 to Pierre You, a tanner, and Marie-Renée Turcot. Nothing is known of his childhood, or whether or not he had siblings.

Pierre came to New France during the 1670s. The earliest record that mentioned him was a 1677 grant of land that was next to his property. The document described Pierre as a sergeant at Fort Frontenac, a military outpost at the eastern end of Lake Ontario. The recipient of the land grant was René-Robert La Salle, a man who figured prominently in Pierre’s life.

By 1682, La Salle had already made several expeditions out west, and he was seeking to set up a network of French outposts in the Mississippi River basin. In late January, Pierre joined a group of 23 Frenchmen and 18 Amerindians led by La Salle, and they set out in canoes from Fort Crèvecœur (present-day Peoria, Illinois). The men navigated south through icy waters, entering the Mississippi River. They passed the mouths of the Missouri and Ohio Rivers, and then camped for a week at the future site of Memphis where they built a small fort. A little ways further down the river, the expedition met up with a group of warriors of the Arkansas tribe who had likely never seen Europeans before. Peace was made and La Salle claimed the region for France. The expedition had several more contacts with natives before they reached the Mississippi River delta. The men had to live off the land, and survived for a time on a diet of potatoes and crocodiles.

On April 9th, La Salle formally claimed the Mississippi River basin for France; this territory represented roughly a third of what is now the United States. La Salle was dressed in a coat of “scarlet trimmed with gold” as he planted a cross and buried an engraved copper plaque at a site near the mouth of the Mississippi. He also drew up a document that was signed by 12 of his men, including Pierre. Soon after the ceremony, the expedition began their journey home paddling up the river.

After participating in La Salle’s expedition, Pierre added “de La Découverte” to his surname, and from then on, he signed himself that way. He went on to pursue a life in the remote French outposts of the Great Lakes, sometimes living amongst the natives. One place he spent time was at the future site of Chicago when it was a temporary village of the Miami tribe. It was said that Pierre married a native woman there in April 1693, but it’s likely that this marriage wasn’t a formal arrangement. His wife was known as Élisabeth, and in about 1694, she bore Pierre’s child, a girl named Marie-Anne. In 1695, Pierre was known to be an officer in Michilimackinac, an outpost located where Lake Michigan meets Lake Huron. It isn’t known if his native family was with him. Not long after, Pierre left his wife and child amongst Élisabeth’s tribe and moved to Montreal, where he married Madeleine Just on April 15, 1697. Between 1698 and 1706, Pierre and Madeleine had five children, two of whom died young.

When Pierre lived in Montreal, he had a large house on the Rue Saint-Paul. The house was said to be so big that it looked like a warehouse, a sign that he had acquired some wealth. By 1703, he received a land grant at the far western part of Montreal island so he could more easily engage in fur trading, and he settled with his family there. Pierre conducted much of his business from Île-aux-Tourtres, an island at the junction of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence rivers. He was offering liquor to the Amerindians which enticed them to stop and trade with him, and this gave him an advantage over other merchants, a practice which was against the law. When the lawful merchants complained about Pierre, the authorities looked the other way because of his connections and his record serving in the military. Along with furs and other goods, Pierre also dealt in buying and selling Amerindian slaves. The slaves often came from tribes in the far west; they were captured by other tribes, then traded until they ended up in New France.  

While married to his wife Madeleine, Pierre had two out-of-wedlock children with a 19-year-old woman. Her name was Marie-Madeleine Drousson dit Robert. It’s not known if she consented to the relationship or not. The two babies, both girls, were born in 1706 and 1708; the older of the two was born only a month after one of Pierre’s children by his legal wife. It isn’t known if Pierre had any relationship with his daughters, but he did attend the younger daughter’s baptism in Montreal.

Pierre continued conducting his business until he died in Montreal in August 1718. He was 60-years-old. His son François carried on in the fur trade until his death in 1730.

Children by Élisabeth of the Miami tribe:
1. Marie-Anne You – B. 1694, Illinois Territory; M. Jean-Baptiste Richard (1682-?), 15 Aug 1718, Montreal, Quebec

Children by Madeleine Just:
1. Pierre You – B. Jan 1698, Montreal, Quebec; D. May 1703, Montreal, Quebec

2. Philippe You – B. 2 Nov 1699, Montreal, Quebec; D. 1736

3. François d’Youville – B. 24 Nov 1700, Montreal, Quebec; D. 4 Jul 1730, Montreal, Quebec; M. Marie-Marguerite Dufros (1701-1771), 12 Aug 1722, Montreal Quebec

4. Joseph-Paschal You – B. Apr 1702, Montreal, Quebec; D. Apr 1702, Montreal, Quebec

5. Marie-Louise You – B. 20 Mar 1706, Montreal, Quebec; D. 7 Sep 1728, Montreal, Quebec

Children by Marie-Madeleine Drousson dot Robert:
1. Marie-Charlotte You – B. 30 Apr 1706, La Prairie, Quebec

2. Marie-Catherine You – B. 9 Sep 1708, Montreal, Quebec; D. 22 Jul 1724, Longueuil, Quebec

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
Pierre You de La Découverte, Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle, Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
Bonds of Alliance: Indigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France, Brett Rushforth, 2013
“French-Canadian Exploration, Missionary Work, and Fur Trading in Hudson Bay, the Great Lakes and Mississippi Valley During the 17h Century, Part 7,” Diane Wolford Sheppard, 2010
Encyclopedia of Chicago (website)

Saturday, April 7, 2018

Tobacco Farmer in Manhattan – Hans Hansen Bergen

B. about 1610 in Bergen, Norway
M. about 1639
Wife: Sarah Rapalje
D. 30 May 1654 in Brooklyn, New Netherland

Hans Hansen Bergen was among the early inhabitants in New Netherland. He was born in about 1610 in Bergen, Norway; his exact age is a rough estimate based on records of him as an adult.

Hans was trained as a ship builder. He left Norway and made his way to the Netherlands, where in 1633, he signed up to be a carpenter on a ship bound for America. The ship was believed to be the Zoutburg, which also carried Wouter Van Twiller, New Netherland’s newly appointed director-general. Van Twiller took over after Peter Minuit was recalled by the Dutch West Indies Company. The Zoutburg was said to be the first war ship to arrive in New Amsterdam; it transported over 100 soldiers “wearing steel corsets, leather jackets, and carrying half pikes and wheel-lock muskets.”

As a Norwegian, Hans fit right into the cosmopolitan community of New Amsterdam. He was sometimes called “Hans Hansen Noorman” in records; other times he was referred to as Hans Hansen Boer because “boer” was Dutch for farmer, his new livelihood. He signed his name with just an initial “H,” suggesting he was probably illiterate.

By 1638, Hans was working as an overseer on a tobacco plantation located in Manhattan near the East River. Director-General Van Twiller had encouraged the development of tobacco farms, and by 1639, there were up to 27 of them in the colony. Hans also partnered with two other men to cultivate a tobacco plantation located in what is now Greenwich Village. Harvesting tobacco required special barns that were larger than normal, and perhaps Hans’ skills as a carpenter were useful in building such structures. He also had a house in New Amsterdam located on what would one-day become Pearl Street.

In about 1639, Hans married Sarah Rapalje, who was known as the first European child born in New Netherland. She was only 14-years-old when they got married, and she gave birth to their first child the following year. Between 1640 and 1653, they had 8 children, with the youngest dying as an infant.

In 1647, Hans was granted land in Wallabout Bay, which is a part of present-day Brooklyn, and he moved his family there. His property had 400 acres and was adjacent to his father-in-law, Joris Rapalje. There was a story handed down in the Bergen Family, told by descendant Teunis Bergen in an 1876 book. It was said that when Hans was clearing his land, he was chased up a tree by some Amerindians. Out of fear, he began to sing, and the natives were so charmed by his voice, they let him go without harming him. It’s not known if there’s any truth to this at all.

Hans died at his farm on May 30, 1654, leaving his widow Sarah with seven underaged children. Later that year, she married a second husband, Teunis Bogaert, and had another seven children. Sarah died in 1675.

Hans’ name lives on today in Brooklyn with Bergen Street and Bergen Beach. Some also think that Bergen County in New Jersey was named for Hans and his family, but this is not proven.

Children:
1. Anneken Hansen Bergen – B. 12 Jul 1640, Flatlands, New Netherland D. 1677, Long Island, New York; M. (1) Jan Clerq (~1641-1661), 8 Jan 1661, Flatbush, New Netherland; (2) Derck Jansen Hooglandt (~1635-1728), 8 Oct 1662, Flatbush, New Netherlands

2. Brecktje Hansen Bergen – B.  about Jul 1642; M. Aert Theuniszen Middagh (~1635-~1687), 1662, Brooklyn, New Netherland

3. Jan Hansen Bergen – B. about Apr 1644; M. Jannetje Teunis (1648-?)

4. Michiel Hansen Bergen – B. about Nov 1646; D. 22 Jan 1731; M. Femmetje Denyse (1650-1734)

5. Joris Hansen Bergen – B. about Jun 1649; D. 22 Jan 1731, Brooklyn, New York; M. Sara Stryker(1649-1736), 11 Aug 1678, New York

6. Maritje Hansen Bergen – B. about Oct 1651; D. 9 Sep 1722, Brooklyn, New York; M. Jacob Rutsen (1651-1730), Ulster, New York

7. Jacob Hansen Bergen – B. about Sep 1653, Brooklyn, New Netherland; M. Elsje Frederiks (1658-1720), 8 Jul 1677

8. Catalyntje Hansen Bergen – B. about Sep 1653, Brooklyn, New Netherland; D. 20 Nov 1653, Brooklyn, New Netherland

Sources:
The Bergen Family: The Descendants of Hans Hansen Bergen, Teunis G. Bergen, 1876
The Colony of New Netherland: A Dutch Settlement in Seventeenth century America, Jaap Jacobs, 2009
Hans Hansen Bergen (Wikipedia article)

Thursday, April 5, 2018

Shoemaker and Church Beadle – Charles Edeline

B. about 1641 in (probably) Paris, France
M. 16 Oct 1675 in Boucherville, Quebec
Wife: Jeanne Braconnier
D. 27 Oct 1711 in Montreal, Quebec

Charles Edeline was one of the earliest residents of Longueuil, Quebec, and was its first church beadle. The only information about his origins came from his marriage record which stated that he was from the parish of Saint-Jaques-de-la-Boucheire in the 4th arrondissement of Paris, France, and was the son of David Edeline and Noelle Lambert. Charles' birth year is estimated to be 1641. Nothing more is known about his childhood, or whether he had any brothers and sisters.

At some point, Charles migrated to New France. He wasn’t listed in the 1666 or 1667 censuses, but had settled in Montreal by 1669, where he was mentioned as a witness to a wedding. Charles made his living as a shoemaker. By 1675, he acquired land in Longueuil, which was across the river from Montreal. On October 16th of that year, he married Jeanne Braconnier, a pregnant woman who had recently lost her husband. Jeanne gave birth to a baby girl who was baptized in January. Two years later, Jeanne had her first child with Charles; between 1677 and 1693, they had a total of 10 children.

Charles played a role in the beginnings of the parish of Saint-Antoine-de-Longueuil. During its first few years, Longueuil's inhabitants were served by the parish of neighboring Boucherville, and the parish in Montreal. When his first son was born in 1678, Charles feared the newborn baby would not survive a trip to another town, so a baptism was arranged at the house of Longueuil’s seigneur Charles Le Moyne. It was performed by a missionary priest and was the very first baptism in Longueuil.

The first chapel in Longueuil was built five years later, but the parish of Saint-Antoine-de-Longueuil wasn’t officially established until 1698. Charles became the church’s beadle, a post he seems to have filled until his death. A beadle was a minor church officer who sometimes helped with services. Between 1701 (when the registers begin) and 1711, Charles’ name was given as a witness to many burials and a few marriages.

On February 20, 1711, Charles’ wife Jeanne died at the hospital in Montreal. Later that year, on October 27th, he died at the same place. Charles' name lived on in many descendants; some used the name Edeline, Edligne or Edline, but others altered it to Deline or Delisle.

Children:
1. Catherine-Therese Edeline — B. 15 Feb 1677, Longueuil, Quebec; 26 Apr 1715, Montreal, Quebec; M. Bertrand DeBlunche dit La Serre (1675-1720), 24 Jul 1697, Boucherville

2. Charles Edeline – B. 15 Nov 1678, Longueuil, Quebec; D. 3 Apr 1726, Longueuil, Quebec; M. Helene Charron (1682-1738), 7 Feb 1701, Longueil, Quebec

3. François Edeline – B. 3 Aug 1680, Longueuil, Quebec

4. Pierre-Jean Edeline — B. 9 Dec 1681, Longueuil, Quebec; D. 14 Dec 1681, Montreal, Quebec

5. Pierre Edeline — B. 30 Jun 1683, Longueuil, Quebec; D. 18 Jun 1742, Vercheres, Quebec; M. Louise-Catherine Patenaude (1694-1742), 21 Feb 1718, Longueuil, Quebec

6. Marie-Anne Edeline – B. 26 Jul 1685, Longueuil, Quebec; D. Feb 1739, L’Assomption, Quebec; M. (1) Etienne Parseillier dit LaChappelle (?-1713), 16 Oct 1702, LaPrairie, Quebec; (2) Louis Douvier dit LaMarche (?-1735), 20 Nov 1715, Repentigny, Quebec

7. Angelique Edeline – B. 19 Apr 1687, Longueuil; D. 8 Jun 1687, Boucherville, Quebec

8. Agathe Edeline — B. 11 Aug 1688, Longueuil, Quebec; D. 22 Aug 1741, Montreal, Quebec

9. Louis-Antoine Edeline — B. 22 Sep 1690, Longueuil, Quebec; D. 4 May 1758, Fort Detroit, New France; M. Marie-Madeliene Drusson dit Robert (1689-1747), 15 Jan 1720, Longueuil, Quebec

10. Jean-Baptiste Edeline – B. 3 Jan 1693, Longueuil, Quebec; D. 14 Aug 1715, Montreal, Quebec; M. Marie-Marguerite Benoit dit Livernois (1694-1734), 29 May 1712, Longueuil, Quebec

Sources:
“My Ancestry & their descendants plus misc research,” Denis Paul Edeline, RootsWeb.Ancestry.com
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
Brève chronologie de la paroisse de Saint-Antoine de Longueuil (website)

Monday, April 2, 2018

Leaving Quebec for the Frontier – François Godere

B. about 1700 in (probably) Contrecoeur, Quebec
M. about 1735
Wife: Agnes Richard
D. between 1750 and 1756 in Illinois Territory, New France

François Godere has an unproven background, but it’s highly likely he belonged to a well-documented family in Quebec. His father was probably Antoine Emery dit Coderre, a Carrignan soldier born in 1643, with his mother being Antoine’s second wife, Marie-Anne Favreau. The Emery dit Coderre family lived at various times in Contrecouer and Boucherville; records show that Antoine had 11 children with his first wife and 9 with his second (François would be a 10th child). The Contrecouer parish records are missing between 1698 and 1700, and that fits when François might have been baptized.

There are two records that indicate that Antoine had a son name François. On April 29, 1720, a “François Émery” was hired by Jean Quesnel for an expedition from Montreal to the Great Lakes. The following year, on August 6th, Alphonse de Tonty hired a “François Émery dit Coderre of Contrecoeur” for a trip to Detroit. Given his approximate age, this François was likely a voyageur, a young man who paddled the canoes. The only Emery dit Coderre family in Contrecoeur was Antoine’s. There is no later record of François Emery or François Emery dit Coderre in Quebec, suggesting this man stayed on in the west.

Could this son of Antoine be the same man in this biography? It was common for Quebec people to drop part of their “dit” names, either the first part or the last. The name “Coderre” is an alternate spelling of “Godere;” people of that time weren’t fussy about spelling, especially since most of them were illiterate. And for a young man known to be in Fort Detroit to show up a few years later in a more remote settlement was a natural progression. François had signed up for two expeditions and likely was suited for life on the frontier. 

By about 1735, François Godere was living in Ouiatenon, a fur trading outpost on the Wabash River in what is now Indiana. There he met and presumably married Agnes Richard, whose father was a blacksmith and interpreter at Ouiatenon. It was a lively trading post, with settlers living both inside and outside of a stockade. It’s been estimated that Ouiatenon had a population of up to 3,000 people during the years François was a resident.

François and Agnes were known to have eight children born between about 1736 and about 1752. The five oldest were boys and youngest three were girls; their ages have been estimated from later records. The family seems to have been in Vincennes in 1750 because the burial of one François’ children was recorded there that year; little Agnes Godere was less than a year old when she drowned in the Wabash River “15 leagues” from Vincennes. The record also stated that François and Agnes were living in Ouiatenon at the time.

His baby daughter’s burial was the last record of François Godere. His wife married another man on August 28, 1756 in Vincennes, so he must have died before that date. All of his surviving children migrated to Vincennes, where most of them got married and raised families.

Children:
1. Rene Godere – B. about 1736, Ouiatenon, New France; D. 9 Feb 1793, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; M. Catherine Campeau, 3 Mar 1761, Vincennes, New France

2. Pierre Godere – B. about 1737, Ouiatenon, New France; D. 24 May 1789, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; M. Susanne Bolon (1740-?), 5 May 1760, Vincennes, New France

3. François Godere — B. about 1739, Ouiatenon, New France; D. 12 Jul 1779, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; M. Marie-Therese Campagnot (~1745-1803), 18 Jan 1773, Vincennes, New France

4. Louis Godere — B. about 1740, Ouiatenon, New France; D. 15 Jun 1794, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; M. Barbe-Elizabeth Levron (1748-1798), 8 Feb 1770, Vincennes, New France

5. Toussaint Godere – B. about 1746, Ouiatenon, New France; D. 30 Oct 1792, Vincennes, Northwest Territory; M. Barbe Chapart (1758-?), about 1775, Vincennes, New France

6. Ursule Godere — B. about 1748, Ouiatenon, New France; D. 12 Nov 1756, Vincennes, New France

7. Agnes Godere — B. 17 Oct 1750, Illinois Territory, New France; D. 6 Dec 1750, Illinois Territory, New France

8. Marie-Josephe Godere — B. about 1752, Ouiatenon, New France; M. Amable-Charles Bolon (~1750-?), 26 Jan 1773, Vincennes, New France

Sources:
St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church Records: Baptisms 1749-1838, Barbara Schull Wolfe, 1999
St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church Records: Marriages and Deaths 1749-1838, Barbara Schull Wolfe, 1999
“Filles du Roi – Part 5 – Marie Madeleine Deschamps to Michell Duval,” Diane Wolford Sheppard, Michigan Habitant Heritage, Vol. 35, January 2014
Quebec Catholic Parish Records, 1621-1979, FamilySearch.com

Saturday, March 31, 2018

Civil War Soldier’s Wife — Elizabeth C. Sutherlin

B. about 1844 in Missouri
M. (1) 24 Dec 1863 in Ray County, Missouri
Husband: Simon C. Carey
M. (2) 13 Aug 1868 in Allen County, Kansas
Husband: James Hiram Hampton
D. about 1869 in (probably) Kansas

Elizabeth Sutherlin's life was affected by the hardships of the Civil War. She was born in about 1844 to Jackson Sutherlin and Mary Fleming, the second oldest of their seven children. The Sutherlins had come from Indiana to settle in Missouri. When Elizabeth was 6-years-old, they were living on a farm in Holt County. The census showed that the value of their estate was much smaller than the families around them, and they likely didn't own their land. Elizabeth’s father was deaf, and this may have affected the family’s circumstances.

Ten years later, Elizabeth was listed twice in the census, maybe an indication that the family had moved. On July 13th, they were enumerated in Anderson County, Kansas, and on July 25th, in Lafayette County, Missouri. It was also recorded that at age 16, Elizabeth had attended school that year.

The area where Elizabeth lived was under siege by pro- and anti-slavery forces. During the late 1850s, the border region between Kansas and Missouri was a tense battleground, with one side performing atrocities against the other and vice-versa. It only got worse when the Confederacy was formed in 1861, which sparked the Civil War. Officially, Missouri was in the Union, but many Confederate sympathizers lived there, and bands of young men took recourse by terrorizing those not on their side.

On December 24, 1863, Elizabeth married an Irish immigrant, Simon Carey, in Ray County, Missouri. It’s believed that neither bride nor groom were yet 20-years-old. Simon had already done a stint in the Union army from April 1862 to May 1863 and he was settling down to become a farmer.

Elizabeth soon became pregnant, but Simon didn’t remain at home. On August 15, 1864, he volunteered for service again in the Union army. He likely enlisted for the $100 bounty, an enormous amount of money at that time. Although they lived in Ray County, Elizabeth gave birth in the town of Gardner, Kansas, possibly where her parents lived. Her baby boy was named Thomas Michael.

When the Civil War ended, Simon remained in the service until being discharged in September of 1865. He may have suffered an injury while in the army, because soon after, he died of an "abscess in his side." This left Elizabeth as a widow with a small child. She moved to Kansas where she married another former Civil War soldier, James Hampton, on August 13, 1868.

Elizabeth died not long after, probably in 1869. After her death, her young son was taken in and raised by her parents.

Children:
1. Thomas Michael Carey – B. 7 Oct 1864, Gardner, Kansas; D. 5 Feb 1937, Coffeyville, Kansas; M. Bertha Gertrude Kightlinger (1875-1946), 21 Oct 1895, Burlington, Kansas

Sources:
1850, 1860 and 1870 U.S. Federal Census
Civil War military records of Simon C. Carey
“Tom Carey is Dead After Brief Illness”, Coffeyville Daily Journal, February 6, 1937