Wednesday, November 22, 2017

A 40-Acre Farm in Indiana – William Marion Edeline

B. 1848 in Vincennes, Indiana
M. 24 Nov 1868 in Knox County, Indiana
Wife: Mary Louise Ravellette
D. 1876

William Edeline was a man whose life was cut short, just as it seemed to get started. He was born in Vincennes, Indiana sometime in 1848, the youngest child of Jean Baptiste Edeline and Isabelle Elizabeth Hunter. He was one of seven children, two of whom died before he was born, and another (a married sister) who died when he was three. His father was of French heritage going back to the mid-18th century in Vincennes, and his mother was “English-Irish,” probably from the settlers who came into Indiana from Kentucky and Virginia.

William’s father died when he was still an infant and his mother never remarried. Life must have been challenging for the Edelines, but William did attend school at least until the age of 12. When he was 20, he married Mary Louise Ravellette, and they had four children together, two boys, then two girls. The family lived on a farm of 40 acres just south of Vincennes. In 1870, it was valued at $120, much less money than the farms around it.

Then in 1876, something happened to William and he died. It may have been sudden and he likely passed away in late summer or early fall. There’s no death or burial record for William, only a brief probate file that shows that he left no will and his estate was valued at $231. The inventory lists some insignificant possessions, plus the farm itself, now valued at $200. And he left 55 bushels of corn which was estimated to be worth $10.

Children:
1. John Edeline (AKA James William Elwood) – B. 18 Sep 1869, Vincennes, Indiana; D. 5 Nov 1925, Los Angeles, California; M. Eleanor Mabel Hewes (1880-1942), 18 Feb 1898, Los Angeles, California

2. Robert Edward “Ed” Edeline – B. 10 Oct 1871, Vincennes, Indiana; D. 2 May 1963, Evansville, Indiana; M. Frances Rebecca Shappard (1871-1917), 12 Aug 1902, Knox County, Indiana

3. Susan Isabelle “Bell” Edeline – B. Dec 1873, Vincennes, Indiana; D. 14 Apr 1941, Vincennes, Indiana; M. (1) George W. Hill, 17 Jun 1891, Knox County, Indiana (annulled); (2) Frank June Payton (1868-1926), 13 Jun 1895

4. Nora Marguerite Edeline — B. 20 Mar 1876, St. Francisville, Illinois; D. 19 Jan 1938, Vincennes, Indiana; M. Claude Burton Campbell (1882-1950)

Sources:
“My Ancestry & their descendants plus misc research,” Denis Paul Edeline, RootsWeb.Ancestry.com
1850, 1860, and 1870 U.S. Census

Seeking a Cure From an Amerindian Woman – Claude Caron

B. about 1641 in St-Jean d’Aubrigoux, Auvergne, France
M. about 1670 in St-Jean d’Aubrigoux, Auvergne, France
Wife: Madeleine Varennes
D. 18 Sep 1708 in Montreal, Quebec

When Claude Caron was 40-years-old, he was a very sick man. After he prayed to a recently deceased Amerindian woman, he was said to be miraculously cured, which in part sparked others to seek the woman’s “healing powers.”

Claude was born in St-Jean d’Aubrigoux, France in about 1641, and his parents are unknown. He may have traveled to Quebec for a few years when he was in his 20s; there was a Claude Caron, age 24, living in Montreal as a servant to the Jesuits in 1666. If this was him, he must have returned to France because he married Madeleine Varennes there in about 1670. They had a daughter Louise born in about 1671, then moved to Quebec, settling in La Prairie, where they would have 8 more children. Five of their children died before reaching adulthood.

It was in January 1681 that Claude was stricken with a serious illness. He was struggling to breathe and he felt pressure on his chest that caused him pain. A doctor came to his house and told his family there was no hope — that they should send for a priest to give him the last rites. The man who arrived was Father Claude Chauchetiére, a Jesuit priest who lived amongst the Amerindians just outside of Montreal.

Instead of giving the last rites, Father Chauchetiére had a different plan for Claude: he wanted to test the healing powers of a devout woman who had died a few months earlier. The woman was Keteri Tekakwitha, an Algonquin-Mohawk, who as a teen, had been converted to Catholicism. She threw herself into her religion, taking extreme vows of chastity and devotion, and this caught the attention of everyone around her. After she died of smallpox at the age of 24, several people claimed she appeared to them in visions. Father Chauchetiére was one of those who was “visited.”

When Father Chauchetiére got the call to come to Claude Caron, he went first to Keteri’s grave and prayed. At Claude’s bedside, he asked him to do the same. Claude was given Keteri’s crucifix to hold, the one she had when she died, and they prayed together. After the priest left, Claude was helped up so his bed could be adjusted, and he collapsed to the floor. His family managed to lift him back into bed and he fell into a “deep sleep that lasted half an hour.” Then he awoke feeling completely well again. It was said that a doctor came by the next day to administer pain-relieving medicine, and found to his surprise that Claude was recovered and was “seated next to the fireplace, eating and drinking.”

Word spread of what had happened to Claude and everyone gave credit to the healing Amerindian, Keteri Tekakwitha. People in La Prairie and the surrounding area began praying to her seeking cures for their own ailments. In 1695, Father Chauchetiére wrote a biography of her that helped spread her fame. Keteri would go on to become a revered figure; a campaign was started so that she would be declared a saint, and on October 21, 2012, she was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI.

After his recovery from illness in 1681, Claude went on to live another 27 years, dying in Montreal on September 18, 1708. His wife, Madeleine, outlived him, and passed away on March 18, 1727 in Montreal.

Children:
1. Louise Caron — B. about 1671, St-Jean d’Aubrigoux, Auvergne, France; D. 13 Apr 1703, Montreal, Quebec; M. Jean-Baptiste Tessier (1663-1734), 21 Apr 1688, La Prairie, Quebec

2. Claude Caron – B. 1 Aug 1672, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 15 Jun 1759, Montreal, Quebec; M. (1) Élisabeth Perthius (1677-1703), 20 Jun 1695, Montreal, Quebec; (2) Jeanne Boyer (1682-1762), 12 Nov 1703, Montreal, Quebec

3. Vital Caron – B. 11 Aug 1673; D. 20 Apr 1745, Lachine, Quebec; M. Marie Perthius (1678-1766), 24 Jan 1698, Montreal, Quebec

4. Madeleine Caron — B. 20 Oct 1674, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 30 Oct 1674, La Prairie, Quebec

5. Jean Caron — B. 6 Oct 1675, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 12 Dec 1687, La Prairie, Quebec

6. Jeanne Caron – B. 30 Nov 1677, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 16 Oct 1687, La Prairie, Quebec

7. Mathieu Caron – B. 12 Jul 1679, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 18 May 1684, La Prairie, Quebec

8. Marie Caron — B. 8 Oct 1680, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 6 Aug 1699, Montreal, Quebec; M. Urbain Gervaise (1673-1713), 1 Oct 1696, Montreal, Quebec

9. Catherine Caron — B. 2 Jul 1683, La Prairie, Quebec; D. 18 Jan 1684, La Prairie, Quebec

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
“Kateri (Catherine) Teakwitha (Gah-deh-lee Deh-gah-quee-tah)”, Michigan’s Habitant Heritage, Vol. 33, #4, October 2012
Keteri Tekakwitha Wikipedia article

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

A Mother of Seventeen Children – Marie Archambault

B. 24 Feb 1636 in Dompierre-Sur-Mer, La Rochelle, Aunis, France
M. 28 Sep 1648 in Quebec City, Quebec
Husband: Urbain Tessier dit Lavigne
D. 16 Aug 1719 in Montreal, Queebec

It’s remarkable for one woman to give birth to 17 children. It’s even more remarkable in the case of Marie Archambault, considering the conditions she lived in.

Marie was born on about February 24, 1636 in Dompierre-Sur-Mer, France, a town near La Rochelle. Her parents were Jacques Archambault and Françoise Toureau and she was one of about eight children. In about 1646, the family left France to start a new life in Quebec.

Within a couple of years of arriving in Quebec, Marie and her two older sisters got married. All three were age 16 or under, and Marie was just 12-years-old. This was not an uncommon occurrence in Quebec at the time; men needed wives and there weren’t very many women living in the colony. So when a family like the Archambaults arrived, the daughters were sought out by male settlers. Almost all marriages were arranged by the parents, and often they were done as a sort of business transaction.

On September 28, 1648, Marie was married in Quebec City to Urbain Tessier dit Lavigne (her sister Jacquette married Paul Chalifour on the same day). Urbain was ten years older than Marie and also an immigrant from France. He received a land grant in Montreal earlier that year and took Marie there to live. Montreal wasn’t a city yet, or even a town — it was a remote outpost on the frontier with a small population, and it was under a constant threat of attack by the Iroquois, who wanted to drive the French settlers out.

When a girl of 12 got married, she often stayed with her parents for a year or two, until she reached a more appropriate age. This was not the case with Marie, and within a few months, she became pregnant. Marie gave birth on July 19, 1649 at the age of just 13. To make matters more difficult, she had twins. One of the babies, a girl, may have been stillborn and wasn’t named. The other baby, a boy, lived just a few days. He was buried in the cemetery near Marie's home.

Two years later, Marie gave birth again, this time to a healthy boy who was named Paul. Times were very difficult that year in Montreal because the Iroquois made a couple of vicious attacks on the settlers. One woman was tortured, then killed. When a large number of settlers joined the community in 1653, things started to become a bit safer, but not entirely. In 1661, Marie’s husband Urbain was captured and taken prisoner by the Iroquois. Luckily he was able to escape a few months later.

Marie continued to have a baby about every two years until the youngest was born in 1679. Counting her (supposed) stillborn twin, she had a total of seventeen children. At least twelve of them lived to adulthood – nine sons and three daughters.

Urbain died on March 21, 1689; Marie lived another 30 years, passing away on August 16, 1719. It was said that by 1730, she had 420 known descendants.

Children:
1. [unnamed girl] Tessier – B. 19 Jul 1649, Montreal, Quebec; D. 19 Jul 1649, Montreal, Quebec

2. Charles Tessier – B. 19 Jul 1649, Montreal, Quebec; D. 24 Jul 1649, Montreal, Quebec

3. Paul Tessier – B. Feb 1651, Montreal, Quebec; M. Marie-Madeleine Cloutier, 13 Oct 1681, Chateau-Richer, Quebec

4. Madeleine Tessier — B. 19 Jul 1653, Montreal, Quebec

5. Laurent Tessier — B. 3 Jun 1655, Montreal, Quebec; D. 27 Sep 1687, Montreal, Quebec; M. Anne-Geneviéve Lemire, 20 Oct 1681, Quebec City, Quebec

6. Louise Tessier – B. 26 Mar 1657, Montreal, Quebec; M. Pierre Payet dit St-Amour, 23 Nov 1671, Montreal, Quebec

7. Agnés Tessier – B. Mar 1659, Montreal, Quebec; M. Guillaume Richard dit Lafleur, 26 Nov 1675

8. Urbain Tessier – B. Jun 1661, Montreal, Quebec; D. Mar 1685, Montreal, Quebec

9. Jean Tessier — B. Jun 1663, Montreal, Quebec; M. (1) Jeanne LeBer, 16 Jan 1686, La Prairie, Quebec; (2) Louise Caron, 21 Apr 1688, La Pairie, Quebec; (3) Marie-Catherine De Poiters, 27 aug 1703, Montreal, Quebec

10. Claude Tessier — B. Dec 1665, Montreal, Quebec

11. Jacques Tessier — B. May 1668, Montreal, Quebec; D. 23 Jun 1670, Montreal, Quebec

12. Pétronille Tessier — B. Mar 1670, Montreal, Quebec; M. Pierre Janot dit Lachapelle, 31 Jan 1684,

13. Jean-Baptiste Tessier — B. Jan 1672, Montreal, Quebec; M. Élisabeth Renault, 4 Nov 1698, Montreal, Quebec

14. Pierre Tessier — B. Feb 1674, Montreal, Quebec; D. 23 Feb 1674, Montreal, Quebec

15. Jacques Tessier — B. Mar 1675, Montreal, Quebec; M. Marie Adhémar dite St-Martin, 10 Mar 1699, Montreal, Quebec

16. Ignace Tessier — B. Mar 1677, Montreal, Quebec; D. 1747; M. Marguerite Luissier, 23 may 1703, Repentigny, Quebec

17. Nicolas Tessier — B. Jun 1679, Montreal, Quebec; M. Marie-Genevieve Augé, 27 Jan 1716, Montreal, Quebec

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
Jacques Archambault Wikipedia article
Hélène’s World: Hélène Desportes of Seventeenth Century Quebec, Susan McNelley, 2014

Monday, November 20, 2017

Mayor of Boston, England – John Whiting

B. 30 Nov 1561 in Boston, England
M. Isabel, and possibly others
D. (probably) 21 Oct 1617 in Boston, England

Before there was a Boston, Massachusetts, there was a Boston, England. And for a couple of years in the beginning of the 17th century, John Whiting was its mayor.

John was born in Boston on November 30, 1561. His father was said to be John Whiting, and there is no information as to the identity of his mother. John was said to have been married more than once; his wife at the time of his death was named Isabel. He was the father of at least 6 children, one of whom died as a child. His children’s baptisms were at St. Botolph’s Church, a historic parish that dates back to Medieval times. The tower of the church is about 272 feet high and can be seen for miles around.

John was involved in the government of Boston as early as 1590, when he served on the common council, and as a bailiff. He served as mayor in 1600 and 1608. In English town such as Boston, mayors were elected annually by the council from their members, and their main duties were to preside over council meetings and take part in tie-breaking votes.

During the time that John was serving as council member and mayor, the town of Boston was a center of Puritanism. It’s not known how much John was involved with the religion, but he became good friends with Reverend John Cotton, the vicar of St. Boltoph’s and a charismatic leader of the movement. Reverend Cotton would go on to encourage many Puritans in Boston to migrate to America. John’s son, Samuel, would become a Puritan preacher as well, and years later, would be part of the migration to New England.

John wrote his will on October 20, 1617 and was buried two days later, suggesting his death was brought on by a sudden illness. In his will he bequeathed money to the poor of Boston, to his friend Reverend Cotton, and to his wife and children. His son Samuel received the sum of £120, a substantial amount of money for that time.

Children:
1. Isabel Whiting – B. 19 Dec 1587, Boston, England; D. 4 May 1602, England

2. Audrey Whiting – B. about Sep 1589, Boston, England; M. Robert Wright, before Oct 1617

3. John Whiting — B. about Jun 1592, Boston, England

4. Margaret Whiting — B. about Aug 1594, Boston, England

5. Samuel Whiting — B. 20 Nov 1597, Boston, England; D. 11 Dec 1679, Lynn, Massachusetts; M. Elizabeth St. John (~1604-1677), 6 Aug 1629

6. James Whiting — B. about Aug 1599, Boston, England; D. 1648, England; M. Mary

Sources:
Memoir of Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D., and of his wife Elizabeth St. John, William Whiting, 1873
John Cotton (minister)

Sunday, November 19, 2017

Raped in Colonial New England – Lydia Fish

B. (probably) during the 1660s in Sandwich, Plymouth Colony
M. 6 Apr 1688 in Billerica, Massachusetts
Husband: John Jefts
D. 8 Sep 1712 in Billerica, Massachusetts

Lydia Fish has the distinction of being one of the few documented rape victims in 17th century New England. She was born in Sandwich in the Plymouth colony to Nathaniel Fish and Lydia Miller. The date of her birth is not known, but it’s likely to have been in the early 1660s, since her mother was born in 1640. It’s unclear how many siblings Lydia had from her father’s two marriages; Lydia Miller was his second wife.

The act of rape on Lydia Fish happened on July 12, 1677 when a relative named Ambrose Fish did “by force carnally know and ravish” Lydia. It’s not known how Ambrose was related to Lydia and some speculate that he was her half-brother. The court record says the act was “contrary to the order of nature” and that may refer to it being incest. There is also the fact that no record specifies how old she was. Even though the record didn’t say she was a minor, she could have been well under the age of 20, as girls often got married at age 15 and younger.

Lydia’s rape case came to trial and a jury of twelve men decided the verdict. The trial was held in October; some say that the delay of several months was to see if she had become pregnant, which she hadn’t. Ambrose Fish was found guilty and his punishment was a public whipping. Afterwards he was released, and he seems to have gone on to live a normal life in the community.

Ten years passed after the rape before Lydia got married. On April 6, 1688, she married John Jefts in Billerica, Massachusetts. It’s been suggested that perhaps Lydia left the Plymouth colony after the rape to avoid public embarrassment, and that she went to live with a married half-sister, Elizabeth Frost, who lived in Billerica.

Lydia and John Jefts went on to have a family of seven children. On July 2, 1712, their daughter Hannah died at age 17, and this was followed a few months later by the deaths of both Lydia on September 8th, and John on September 28th.

Children:
1. Henry Jefts – B. 16 Jan 1689, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 119 Aug 1772, Billerica, Massachusetts; M. (1) Elizabeth Hayward (~1689-1735), 10 Jul 1716, Billerica, Massachusetts; (2) Dinah Brown (1706-1764), 13 Nov 1735, Billerica, Massachusetts

2. Alice Jefts – B. 7 Sep 1691, Billerica, Massachusetts; M. Joseph Baker (1696-1761), 11 Dec 1716, Concord, Massachusetts

3. Hannah Jefts — B. 18 Aug 1694, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 2 Jul 1712, Billerica, Massachusetts

4. John Jefts — B. 19 Dec 1696, Billerica, Massachusetts

5. Nathaniel Jefts — B. 29 Mar 1699, Billerica, Massachusetts

6. William Jefts — B. 17 Mar 1701, Billerica, Massachusetts; D. 30 Sep 1738, Billerica, Massachusetts

7. Ebenezer Jefts — B. 28 Jan 1703, Billerica, Massachusetts

Sources:
New England Marriages Prior to 1700, Clarence Almon Torrey, 1985
Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England, 1633-1691, Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff, 1856
Vital Records of Billerica, MA, to the year 1850, NEHGS, 1908

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Master of the House of Correction – Benjamin Carpenter

B. 20 Oct 1663 in Rehoboth, Massachusetts
M. 1691 in (probably) Northampton, Massachusetts
Wife: Hannah Strong
D. 18 Apr 1738 in Coventry, Connecticut

Benjamin Carpenter was a farmer and a house builder, but for a short time in his life, he took care of his town's jail. He was born on October 23, 1663 in Rehoboth, Massachusetts to William Carpenter and Priscilla Bennett, both of whom were born in England. Sadly, his mother died at the time of his birth. He had two older brothers and an older sister, and when he was two-months-old, his father remarried, producing nine more children.

By 1691, Benjamin had relocated to Northampton, where he married Hannah Strong, a native of the community. The marriage records from that time are missing so the exact date of their marriage isn’t known. They would have 12 children together, born between 1692 and 1711.

Benjamin’s father died in 1703 and left him some land in Rehoboth, but he later gave some of the land to his half-brother Nathaniel, and the rest to his brother William. Perhaps because Benjamin didn't live in Rehoboth he felt they could make better use of it.

In colonial towns, individuals were often assigned to perform duties for the community, and in 1707, Northampton appointed Benjamin to be “Master of the House of Correction.” The concept of a prison or jail in early 18th century New England was somewhat different than today. Jails weren’t intended for long-term confinement; instead, a prisoner was held until their trial, then after judgment, they’d either be released or punished on the spot. At the time Benjamin was in charge of the jail, it was a newly constructed building of about 24’ by 16’.

Benjamin soon gave up his duties as jail keeper because in 1708 he moved to the new settlement of Coventry, Connecticut. He set down roots in there and raised his family. He died on April 18, 1738 and is buried in Nathan Hale Cemetery in Coventry.

Children:
1. Prudence Carpenter – B. 13 Jul 1692

2. Freedom Carpenter – B. 13 Jul 1692

3. Amos Carpenter — B. 6 Nov 1693, Northampton, Massachusetts; D. Jul 1792, Coventry, Connecticut; M. Deborah Long (1698-1784), 23 Oct 1718, Coventry, Connecticut

4. Benjamin Carpenter — B. 3 Oct 1695; D. 29 May 1785, Coventry, Connecticut; M. Rebecca Smith (1705-1788), 12 Apr 1726

5. Jedediah Carpenter – B. 1 Oct 1697, Northampton, Massachusetts, D. 2 Mar 1781, Stafford, Connecticut

6. Hannah Carpenter – B. 15 Aug 1699

7. Eliphalet Carpenter – B. 16 Oct 1701; D. 25 Aug 1702

8. Eliphalet Carpenter — B. 29 Nov 1703, Northampton, Massachusetts; D. 22 Feb 1792, Coventry, Connecticut; M. Elizabeth Andrus (1706-1773), 1 May 1727

9. Noah Carpenter — B. 4 Dec 1705; M. Keziah ?

10. Elisabeth Carpenter — B. 15 Jul 1705; D. 5 Aug 1796, Columbia County, New York; M. Truman Powell (1704-1759)

11. Ebenezer Carpenter — B. 9 Nov 1709, Coventry, Connecticut; D. 19 Jan 1777, Hartford, Connecticut; M. Eunice Thompson (1722-1777), 1739, Coventry, Connecticut

12. Rebecca Carpenter — B. 23 Nov 1711, Coventry, Connecticut; M. Jonathan Ormsby, 15 Jul 1730, Rehoboth, Massachusetts

Sources:
Carpenter Cousins [website], carpentercousins.com
History of Northampton, Massachusetts: From its Settlement in 1654, Vol. 1, James Russell Trumbull and Seth Pomeroy, 1898
Find-A-Grave.com

Friday, November 17, 2017

One of the Fort Vincennes Patriots – Antoine Bordeleau

B. 24 Apr 1730 in Quebec City, Quebec
M. 29 Jan 1758 in Fort Vincennes, New France
Wife: Marie-Catherine Caron
D. 29 Oct 1793 in Vincennes, Northwest Territory

Antoine Bordeleau was born on April 24, 1730 in Quebec City to Antoine Bordeleau and Madeleine-Angelique Savarie. His baptism took place at Notre-Dame de Quebec in Quebec City. Antoine was one of four children, but his father died when he was just 5 years-old.

At some point after Antoine came of age, he left Quebec and ended up in Fort Vincennes. It doesn’t appear any of his family came with him. There is no record of Antoine in places between Quebec City and Vincennes (most Vincennes settlers spent time in places like Montreal or Fort Detroit). On January 29, 1758, Antoine married Marie-Catherine Caron, who had come to Vincennes from Fort Detroit. Between 1759 and 1777, they had nine children, all baptized in the parish of St. Francis Xavier in Vincennes.

During the 1760s, after control of Quebec fell to England, British soldiers occupied Fort Vincennes. In 1778, Americans laid claim to the region, and the priest in charge of the parish though it would be wise for the French settlers to declare their allegiance to the Americans. Antoine was among those who made his mark on the Oath of Inhabitants of Vincennes on July 20, 1778, an act which is considered qualification as an American patriot. The oath reads in part, “I swear that I will not do or cause anything or matter to be done which can be prejudicial to the liberty or independence of the said people, as prescribed by Congress, and that I will inform some one of the judges of the country of the said state of all treasons and conspiracies which shall come to my knowledge against…the United States of America.” The following year, Vincennes was captured by American forces, and the British gave up the territory around it.

In the years after the war, the French settlers had to adapt to the influx of people from places like Kentucky and Virginia. Their claims to the land they had owned for decades had not been well-documented. In 1790, the new US. government decided that each French inhabitant who was the head of a Vincennes household in 1783 was entitled to 400 acres. Antoine was one of the 143 names on the list.

In October 1792, Antoine made his mark on a petition to President Washington along with 22 fellow citizens of Vincennes. It was a request for the right of free trade and relief of duties on merchandise imposed by the local Indians. The petition was forwarded to Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson.

Antoine died about a year later, and he appears to have been in some debt at the time of his death. There was a claim that he owed a man named Francis Bizayon $500, a debt that was said to be incurred in May 1792. By the time the case was tried in court, Biyazon had also died, so it was one estate suing another estate. The ruling went against the Bordeleau estate, and his son Pierre was forced to sell 48 acres of land to pay off the debt.

Children:
1. Catherine Bordeleau – B. 23 Dec 1759, Fort Vincennes, New France; M. Antoine Mallet

2. Marie-Magdeleine Bordeleau – B. 23 Oct 1761, Fort Vincennes, New France; D. 21 Feb 1819, Vincennes, Indiana; M. Jean-Baptiste Renaud dit Deslauriers (1754-1834), 9 Jul 1779, Fort Vincennes, Northwest Territory

3. Antoine Bordeleau — B. 22 Sep 1763, Fort Vincennes, New France

4. Michel Bordeleau — B. about Nov 1765, Fort Vincennes, New France;

5. Archange Bordeleau – B. Jun 1767, Fort Vincennes, New France; M. Alexander Sanson (~1765-1803), 3 Oct 1785, Vincennes, Northwest Territory

6. Therese Bordeleau — B. 3 Jun 1769, Fort Vincennes, New France

7. Jean-Baptiste Bordeleau — B. 30 Apr 1770, Fort Vincennes, New France

8. Charles Bordeleau — B. 10 Jun 1772, Fort Vincennes, New France

9. Pierre Bordeleau — B. 16 Jul 1774, Fort Vincennes, New France; D. 1825; M. Céleste Vallée (~1779-1819)

10. Angelique Bordeleau — B. 16 Apr 1777

Sources:
Dictionnaire généalogique des familles canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu'à nos jours, Cyprien Tanguay, 1890
Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1997
History of Knox and Daviess Counties, Indiana, 1886
“Records of the Parish of St. Francis Xavier,” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia, Vol. 12, 1901
Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, dar.org
Wabash Valley Visions & Voices Memory Project, visions.indstate.edu