Friday, March 16, 2012

Father of Sixteen Children – Jacques Chouinard

B. 6 Jan 1663 in Beaumont-la-Ronce, France
M. 2 Jun 1692 in Quebec City, Quebec
Wife: Louise Jean
D. 20 Oct 1721 (possibly) at sea
Emigrated: about 1685

The name Chouinard goes back several generations in the Tours District of France. Jacques was born in the town of Beaumont-la-Ronce on January 6, 1663 to Charles Chouinard and Elisabeth Valin. Jacques' father was said to be a cloth merchant, and he was one of four children in the family.

Jacques migrated to Quebec in about 1685 (possibly as a soldier), and little is known of his early years in the colony except that he worked as a drayman, moving goods on carts. On June 2, 1692, when he was nearly 30, he married a 14 year-old girl, Louise Jean, at the church of Notre-Dame in Quebec City. He received from Louise's father Pierre two horses with harnesses, collars and saddles, a foal, a cow, a heifer and straw to feed the animals. The couple spent their first year living with Louise's parents at La Canardiere. Then Pierre Jean gave some of his land to Jacques.

Jacques and Louise had 16 children born between 1695 and 1720. At least five of the children died young, one of whom was said to have "burned in the fire and drowned in the cold water" at the age of 2 in April 1707.

In about 1696, Jacques moved his family to Ilse-de-Oies, an island in the St. Lawrence River. The family lived there until 1702 when Jacques acquired 450 arpents at St-Jean-Port-Joli near his in-laws again. This land would be considered the ancestral home of all later generations. Jacques built a house "20 by 18 feet, covered with planks and with a stone fireplace, a green thatched barn, a shed and a sheepfold."

It's not certain as to the circumstances of Jacques death, but it's believed he may have died at sea on October 20, 1721. His wife survived him by over 30 years. Because of his many descendants in Canada and the U.S., a plaque was installed in his hometown of Beaumont-la-Ronce in 1981.

Children:
1. Pierre Chouinard – B. 20 Apr 1695, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 19 Jun 1767, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; M. Ursule Martin (1704-1792), 14 Feb 1724, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, Quebec

2. Jacques Chouinard – B. 10 Aug 1697, Montmagny, Quebec; D. 14 Aug 1697, Montmagny, Quebec

3. Joseph Chouinard – B. 9 Aug 1698, Cap-St-Ignace, Quebec; D. 2 Dec 1699, Cap-St-Ignace, Quebec

4. Jacques-Eustache Chouinard – B. 17 Sep 1700, Cap-St-Ignace, Quebec; D. 3 Nov 1760, Montmagny, Quebec; M. Marie-Madeleine Berube (1708-1763), 8 Jul 1725, Riviere-Ouelle, Quebec

5. Pierre Chouinard – B. 28 Feb 1702, Quebec City, Quebec; D. 7 Jan 1790, St-Jean-Port-Joli, Quebec; M. (1) Genevieve Lizotte (1705-?), 18 Nov 1727, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, Quebec; (2) Marie-Anne Pelletier (1725-1773), 4 Nov 1743, Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, Quebec

6. Louise Chouinard – B. 28 Jan 1704, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; D. 8 Jan 1783, Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, Quebec; M. Charles Pelletier (1700-1776), 25 Nov 1726, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

7. Jean-Baptiste Chouinard – B. 10 May 1705, Cap-St-Ignace, Quebec; D. Apr 1707, Cap-St-Ignace, Quebec

8. Marguerite Chouinard – B. 29 Mar 1707, Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Quebec; D. 24 Jan 1751, St-Ours, Quebec; M. Pierre Fortin (1704-1788), 19 Nov 1730, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

9. Marie-Anne Chouinard – B. 25 Jul 1708, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; M. (1) Alexandre Saint-Pierre (1703-?), 15 Nov 1728, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; (2) Jean-Baptiste Migneault (1707-?), 10 Nov 1766, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, Quebec

10. Marie-Ursule Chouinard – B. 14 Aug 1710, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; D. 24 Mar 1735, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; M. Henri Parent (1696-1780), 15 May 1729, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

11. François Chouinard – B. 14 Aug 1710, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; M. Marguerite Luret (~1716-1789), abt 1737, Quebec

12. Elisabeth Chouinard – B. 5 Feb 1714, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; D. 5 Aug 1714, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

13. Jacques Chouinard – B. 15 Feb 1715, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

14. Julien Chouinard – B. 22 Nov 1716, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; D. 14 Dec 1791, St-Jean-Port-Joli, Quebec; M. Reine Fortin (1708-1790), 16 Jan 1741, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

15. baby boy Chouinard – B. 18 Dec 1718, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; D. 18 Dec 1718, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

16. Charles Chouinard – B. 12 Aug 1720, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; M. Marie-Dorothee Fortin (1714-1793), L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec

Sources:
Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990
Family Search Community Trees – Jacques Chouinard and Louise Jean

No comments:

Post a Comment