Friday, March 16, 2012

Father of Sixteen Children – Jacques Chouinard

B. 6 Jan 1663 in Beaumont-la-Ronce, France
M. 2 Jun 1692 in Quebec City, New France
Wife: Louise Jean
D. 20 Oct 1721 (possibly) at sea
Emigrated: about 1685

The name Chouinard goes back several generations in the Tours District of France. Jacques was born in the town of Beaumont-la-Ronce on January 6, 1663 to Charles Chouinard and Elisabeth Valin. Jacques' father was said to be a cloth merchant, and he was one of four children in the family.

Jacques migrated to Quebec in about 1685 (possibly as a soldier), and little is known of his early years in the colony except that he worked as a drayman, moving goods on carts. On June 2, 1692, when he was nearly 30, he married a 14 year-old girl, Louise Jean, at the church of Notre-Dame in Quebec City. He received from Louise's father Pierre two horses with harnesses, collars and saddles, a foal, a cow, a heifer and straw to feed the animals. The couple spent their first year living with Louise's parents at La Canardiere. Then Pierre Jean gave some of his land to Jacques.

Jacques and Louise had 16 children born between 1695 and 1720. At least five of the children died young, one of whom was said to have "burned in the fire and drowned in the cold water" at the age of 2 in April 1707.

In about 1696, Jacques moved his family to Ilse-de-Oies, an island in the St. Lawrence River. The family lived there until 1702 when Jacques acquired 450 arpents at St-Jean-Port-Joli near his in-laws again. This land would be considered the ancestral home of all later generations. Jacques built a house "20 by 18 feet, covered with planks and with a stone fireplace, a green thatched barn, a shed and a sheepfold."

It's not certain as to the circumstances of Jacques death, but it's believed he may have died at sea on October 20, 1721. His wife survived him by over 30 years. Because of his many descendants in Canada and the U.S., a plaque was installed in his hometown of Beaumont-la-Ronce in 1981.

Children:
1. Pierre Chouinard – B. 20 Apr 1695, Quebec City, New France; D. 19 Jun 1767, L'Islet-sur-Mer, Quebec; M. Ursule Martin (1704-1792), 14 Feb 1724, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, New France

2. Jacques Chouinard – B. 10 Aug 1697, Montmagny, New France; D. 14 Aug 1697, Montmagny, New France

3. Joseph Chouinard – B. 9 Aug 1698, Cap-St-Ignace, New France; D. 2 Dec 1699, Cap-St-Ignace, New France

4. Jacques-Eustache Chouinard – B. 17 Sep 1700, Cap-St-Ignace, New France; D. 3 Nov 1760, Montmagny, New France; M. Marie-Madeleine Berube (1708-1763), 8 Jul 1725, Riviere-Ouelle, New France

5. Pierre Chouinard – B. 28 Feb 1702, Quebec City, New France; D. 7 Jan 1790, St-Jean-Port-Joli, Quebec; M. (1) Genevieve Lizotte (1705-?), 18 Nov 1727, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, New France; (2) Marie-Anne Pelletier (1725-1773), 4 Nov 1743, Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, New France

6. Louise Chouinard – B. 28 Jan 1704, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; D. 8 Jan 1783, Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, Quebec; M. Charles Pelletier (1700-1776), 25 Nov 1726, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

7. Jean-Baptiste Chouinard – B. 10 May 1705, Cap-St-Ignace, New France; D. Apr 1707, Cap-St-Ignace, New France

8. Marguerite Chouinard – B. 29 Mar 1707, Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, New France; D. 24 Jan 1751, St-Ours, New France; M. Pierre Fortin (1704-1788), 19 Nov 1730, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

9. Marie-Anne Chouinard – B. 25 Jul 1708, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; M. (1) Alexandre Saint-Pierre (1703-?), 15 Nov 1728, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; (2) Jean-Baptiste Migneault (1707-?), 10 Nov 1766, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere, Quebec

10. Marie-Ursule Chouinard – B. 14 Aug 1710, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; D. 24 Mar 1735, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; M. Henri Parent (1696-1780), 15 May 1729, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

11. François Chouinard – B. 14 Aug 1710, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; M. Marguerite Luret (~1716-1789), abt 1737, New France

12. Elisabeth Chouinard – B. 5 Feb 1714, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; D. 5 Aug 1714, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

13. Jacques Chouinard – B. 15 Feb 1715, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

14. Julien Chouinard – B. 22 Nov 1716, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; D. 14 Dec 1791, St-Jean-Port-Joli, Quebec; M. Reine Fortin (1708-1790), 16 Jan 1741, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

15. Baby Boy Chouinard – B. 18 Dec 1718, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; D. 18 Dec 1718, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

16. Charles Chouinard – B. 12 Aug 1720, L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France; M. Marie-Dorothee Fortin (1714-1793), L'Islet-sur-Mer, New France

Sources:
Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990
Family Search Community Trees – Jacques Chouinard and Louise Jean

1 comment:

  1. Any reason he named two sons Pierre (one in 1695 and one in 1702)

    ReplyDelete