Tuesday, February 28, 2012

A New Life and Religion in Quebec – Marthe Quitel

B. about 1638 in Rouen, France
M. 22 Sep 1665 in Château-Richer, New France
Husband: Barthélemy Verreau dit LeBourguigon
D. 25 Dec 1722 in Château-Richer, New France

Marthe Quitel was born in about 1638 to Denis Quitel and Louise Bénard in Rouen, France, in the parish of Saint-Maclou. During the 1660s, the French government was seeking to populate New France and needed females to migrate there, so they offered a deal to give young women free passage and the sum of 50 livres if they married a New France settler. The women were called King's Daughters, and in 1665, Marthe became one of 89 to sign up.

Marthe arrived in Quebec City on July 16, 1665. Because she was a Protestant, she foreswore Calvinism in a ceremony the next day. At first Marthe was placed in the home of a “bourgeois citizen” named Nicholas Marsolet. Then after only six weeks in her new home, she became engaged to Barthélemy Verreau dit LeBourguigon, a blacksmith. On September 22nd, they were married at the church in Château-Richer.

Marthe and Barthélemy lived in Château-Richer for the rest of their lives. Between 1667 and 1684, Marthe had nine children. After Barthélemy died on December 17, 1700, Marthe turned to her son François to take care of her in return for all of her husband’s land. She lived on until Christmas Day of 1722. After her death, her son had “25 Masses celebrated for the repose of her soul.”

Children:
1. Antoine Verreau – B.13 Jan 1667, Château-Richer, New France; D. young

2. Jeanne Verreau – B. 15 Nov 1668, Château-Richer, New France; D. 22 Oct 1711, Quebec City, New France; M. (1) Pierre Cloutier (?-~1702), 16 Feb 1696, Château-Richer, New France; (2) Jacques-Baptiste Cauchon (1663-1726), 16 Apr 1703, Château-Richer, New France

3. Joseph Verreau – B. 27 Jan 1671, Château-Richer, New France; D. 28 Feb 1671, Château-Richer, New France

4. Marie Verreau – B. 18 Mar 1672, Château-Richer, New France; D. 25 Feb 1703, Château-Richer, New France; M. Pierre Dumas dit Langoumois (~1668-?), 16 Feb 1699, Château-Richer, New France

5. Marguerite Verreau – B. 26 Apr 1674, Château-Richer, New France; D. before 1748; M. Jacques Boutillet (1668-1749), 12 Jan 1699, Château-Richer, New France

6. Prisque Verreau – B. Sep 1676, Château-Richer, New France; D. before 1681

7. Barthélemy Verreau – B. 13 Jul 1678, Château-Richer, New France; D. Jun 1718, New France; M. Marguerite Prieur, 13 Feb 1708, Château-Saint-Louis, New France

8. François Verreau – B. 20 Mar 1682, Château-Richer, New France; M. Genevieve Gagné, 20 Jan 1724, Château-Richer, New France

9. Anne Verreau – B. 10 Jul 1684, Château-Richer, New France

Sources:
King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001

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