Friday, February 24, 2012

A Blacksmith in Quebec – Barthélemy Verreau

B. about 1631 in Dijon, France
M. 22 Sep 1665 in Château-Richer
Wife: Marthe Quitel
D. 17 Dec 1700 in Château-Richer
Emigrated: about 1662

Barthélemy Verreau dit LeBourguigon was born in Dijon, France to Michel Verreau and Claudine Rocher in about 1631. Barthélemy received some education in his youth, and trained to be a blacksmith.

It is believed Barthélemy came to Quebec the summer of 1662 under contract to an edge-tool maker named Jean Milot of Montreal. As part of payment for his labor, he was given the tools to be a blacksmith and edge-tool maker. In January of the following year, Barthélemy was listed as a member of the militia of Montreal to protect against Iroquis attacks.

Barthélemy left Montreal about the end of 1664 and moved to the Beaupré Coast. On June 27, 1665, he bought a lot measuring 40 square feet. He built a house on the lot, but made an error when the gable extended two feet beyond the property onto the property next door. He would eventually pay to have the lot enlarged by a few feet.

In 1665, ships were bringing in young women into Quebec City to populate the colony and Barthélemy chose one to be his bride. Her name was Marthe Quitel and they were married on September 22nd in Château-Richer. Between 1667 and 1684, Barthélemy and Marthe had nine children. The family was listed in the censuses of 1667 and 1668 in Château-Richer. The census of 1682 listed Barthélemy in a different location with 4 head of cattle and 6 arpents of land under cultivation.

Barthélemy worked as a blacksmith well into his 60s, making hammers and plowshares for fellow colonists. He died on December 17, 1700 at Château-Richer. After his death, his son Barthélemy acquired all of his tools.

Children:
1. Antoine Verreau – B.13 Jan 1667, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. young

2. Jeanne Verreau – B. 15 Nov 1668, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. 22 Oct 1711, Quebec City, Quebec; M. (1) Pierre Cloutier (?-~1702), 16 Feb 1696, Château-Richer, Quebec; (2) Jacques=Baptiste Cauchon (1663-1726), 16 Apr 1703, Château-Richer, Quebec

3. Joseph Verreau – B. 27 Jan 1671, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. 28 Feb 1671, Château-Richer, Quebec

4. Marie Verreau – B. 18 Mar 1672, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. 25 Feb 1703, Château-Richer, Quebec; M. Pierre Dumas dit Langoumois (~1668-?), 16 Feb 1699, Château-Richer, Quebec

5. Marguerite Verreau – B. 26 Apr 1674, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. before 1748; M. Jacques Boutillet (1668-1749), 12 Jan 1699, Château-Richer, Quebec

6. Prisque Verreau – B. Sep 1676, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. before 1681

7. Barthélemy Verreau – B. 13 Jul 1678, Château-Richer, Quebec; D. Jun 1718, Quebec; M. Marguerite Prieur, 13 Feb 1708, Château-Saint-Louis, Quebec

8. François Verreau – B. 20 Mar 1682, Château-Richer, Quebec; M. Genevieve Gagné, 20 Jan 1724, Château-Richer, Quebec

9. Anne Verreau – B. 10 Jul 1684, Château-Richer, Quebec

Sources:
Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Gerard Lebel (translated by Thomas J. Laforest), 1990
King's daughters and founding mothers: the filles du roi, 1663-1672, Peter J. Gagné, 2001

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